ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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INDIAN LANGUAGES NEWSPAPERS 3-Bengali Professional, Somewhat Conservative and Calcuttan-Bengali: Professional, Somewhat Conservative and Calcuttan

INDIAN LANGUAGES NEWSPAPERS: 3 Bengali: 'Professional, Somewhat Conservative' and Calcuttan Robin Jeffrey In spite of technological possibilities and the apparently increasing wealth and political influence of rural West Bengal, newspaper proprietors have not followed the road taken by their counterparts in much of the rest of India: not one major newspaper has even a printing centre outside Calcutta resulting in a lack of penetration of the newspapers into the countryside.

INDIAN LANGUAGES NEWSPAPERS 2-Hindi Taking to the Punjab Kesari Line

Hindi: 'Taking to the Punjab Kesari Line' Robin Jeffrey Three events linked Hindi newspapers with intense political excitement and violence in north India from the late 1980s the 'anti-reservation agitation', the BJP leader Advani's rath yatra and the ensuing communal riots. To what extent was the rough-and-ready quality of the new Hindi dailies, and the predilections of their proprietors responsible for the growth of Hindu-Muslim antagonism in north India?

INDIAN LANGUAGES NEWSPAPERS 1- Malayalam The Day-to-Day Social Life of the People

INDIAN LANGUAGES NEWSPAPERS: 1 Malayalam: 'The Day-to-Day Social Life of the People...' Robin Jeffrey Spreading across India after the end of the 'emergency' in 1977, technological change in the form of the personal computer and offset press revolutionised the newspaper industry. The circulation of daily newspapers in all languages trebled between 1976 and 1992 -from 9.3 million to 28.1 million and the dailies-per-thousand people ratio doubted -from 15 daily newspapers per 1,000 people to 32 per 1,000, Regular reading of something called 'news' both indicates and causes change. Expansion of competing newspapers clearly signals the vitality and growth of capitalism: newspapers have owners and owners must have advertisers. The changes of the past 20 years are obvious yet largely unstudied. The essays in this series on the press in the major Indian languages are part of a larger project to map, analyse and try to understand the transformation of the Indian- language newspaper industry. It would be foolhardy to argue that Malayalam newspapers, because they have long led India on most statistical measures, provide models of the future for other parts of the country. However, the Malayalam experience does illustrate the force of capitalist practices and international technology and the necessity of adapting these forces constantly and skilfully to local conditions.

Kerala s Story

Robin Jeffrey Kerala: Radical Reform as Development In an Indian State by Richard W Franke and Barbara H Chasin; Promilla, New Delhi, 1992; pp 122.

Indian-Language Newspapers and Why They Grow

They Grow Robin Jeffrey The last 15 years have seen a remarkable growth of Indian-language newspapers which are increasingly attracting major advertisers. In most regions, intense rivalries have developed as newspapers use new technology and time-honoured techniques of journalism in a contest for increased circulation and advertising. What are the factors which have driven the expansion of the Indian-language press?

Culture of Daily Newspapers in India-How It s Grown, What It Means

How It's Grown, What It Means Robin Jeffrey This paper identifies trends in daily newspaper circulations among the 13 major languages in India and speculates about how these trends relate to political activity and social change. Malayalam, it turns out, is the language in which the daily newspaper culture is most elaborately developed and so the first section of the paper focuses on Kerala to identify the characteristics of daily newspaper culture. The second section analyses daily newspaper circulations in the major languages from 1971 to 1983 and makes tentative suggestions about the significance of the growing daily newspaper culture.

Destroy Capitalism-Growing Solidarity of Alleppey s Coir Workers, 1930-40

Growing Solidarity of Alleppey's Coir Workers, 1930-40 Robin Jeffrey Two things stand out about the organisation of workers in the coir industry centred around Alleppey in the 1930s. First, in contradiction to one strand of conventional wisdom about labour, the coir workers' union grew in strength and militancy during a depression. Second, the union successfully sublimated the deep caste and religious antagonisms of Kerala society


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