ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Managing the Main System- Canal Irrigation s Blind Spot

Canal Irrigation's Blind Spot Robert Wade Robert Chambers Irrigation will continue to get very high priority in strategies to increase food production and labour absorption in agriculture. But plans for irrigation investment in South and Southeast Asia are be- ing made with too little attention to diagnosing the causes of the generally disappointing performance of large, publicly-operated canal systems. One set of causes, which the authors argue here are very important, are simply not considered; they are 'screened out' from consideration from the very beginning. The remedies are hence unlikely to have the effects expected of them.

Collective Responsibility in Construction and Management of Irrigation Canals Case of Italy

Italy's consorzi di bonifica involve farmers closely in the design and construction stage as well as in operation and maintenance of irrigation canals. A discussion of how they work can contribute to an informed debate,on what direction the reform of irrigation institutions in India should take. Even if the problems raised by the larger scale of canal projects in India make the form less transferable in toto, it is certainly relevant to the administration of public tubewell projects, with their smaller command area.

Water Supply as an Instrument of Agricultural Policy-A Case Study

In the early yearsadopt crops and irrigationand the available water hasto reduction of their water This paper describes in irrigated dry blocks and Policy A Case Study Robert Wade of irrigation projects, when water is abundant, farmers in the upper reaches techniques which use to be spread oversupply.

Water Accounting in Irrigation Projects-A Technique from Maharashtra

A Technique from Maharashtra Robert Wade Too much attention has been given to irrigation hardware in India, too little to the 'software'. There are good reasons for suspecting that large improvements in the performance of canal-irrigated agriculture are possible by means of (low-cost) changes in the administrative machinery, within the limits set by existing physical structures.

Performance of Irrigation Projects

Underutihsation is a common feature of canal irrigation schemes almost everywhere in the World. Commonly, the contribution of these schemes to agricultural output is also significantly less than expected; so is the return on investment.

Administration and the Distribution of Irrigation Benefits

Irrigation Benefits Robert Wade To assess the likelihood of big improvements in productivity as a result of irrigation and to be reassured that small farmers will at least not be made absolutely worse off, one must know about how irrigation officials at various levels actually make decisions, about the sort of pressures that are brought to bear to them and their response to those pressures. And one must know, too, what decisions they do not make arid the pressures which are not brought to bear on them.

Mysteries of the Dhora

 NOBODY talks about the Dhora canal. By north Indian standards it is so small as to be almost invisible. It waters ('commands'} an area of 95,000 acres in three blocks of Bareilly district, in western Uttar Pradesh (UP). Its length, including canals, distributaries and minors, is less than 200 miles. Not far away is the gigantic Sarda canal, which commands over six million acres; and there are several other canals in UP which command over a million acres.

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