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Steering Out of the Crisis

The global financial and economic crisis is of such magnitude that 2008 will probably be looked back upon as a turning point equivalent to 1945, 1971 and 1989. The silver lining is that the crisis has discredited many established ideas about how societies should run their economies, and the impact of this discrediting will last well beyond the recovery. The crisis provides opportunities for advancing a social democratic vision of a moral society, with more of a balance between economic democracy and political democracy, especially in finance; one in which states regain confidence to surveil markets, as in the Keynesian era. A three-stage programme to steer out of the crisis towards something better and very different from what has been followed under neoliberalism is set out. The first deals with the immediate crisis. The second with the restructuring of finance. The third - to which virtually no attention has yet been given - deals with respecialising western economies. Getting far with most of the items would require a step-up in multilateral cooperation.

Why Some Indian Villages Co-operate

The conventional picture of the Indian village presents it as an atomised mass, composed of individuals who are not in any organised fold except the family and the extended kin groups. A recent study suggests a more complex picture.

Canal Performance in Northwest India-Is It So Bad

Canal Performance in Northwest India Is It So Bad? Robert Wade THE warabandi method of water allocation used for canal operation in Punjab and Haryana canals has often been held up as an effective method for ensuring equality of water supply (equal amount of water per unit area, independently of location in relation to water source). A recent paper by Malhotra, Raheja, and Seckler1 provided evidence to question this conclusion, and in reviewing the book which contains the paper I drew attention to the inequality which their evidence suggested.2 However, Malhotra and colleagues have subsequently greatly extended their data and their analysis,3 as a result of which their preliminary results published in the above- mentioned paper have been overturned. Their new paper deserves to be read by anyone concerned with irrigation, not only for its results but even more for its methodology.

Irrigation Improvement-From Construction towards Crop Production

Irrigation Improvement From Construction towards Crop Production Robert Wade Productivity and Equity in Irrigation Systems edited by Niranjan Pant; Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, 1984; pp 276 + xxviii, Rs 150.

EASTERN EUROPE- Western Businessmen Better Look Elsewhere

powerful tribal maliks by conceding extensive local autonomy. For the last three years the USSR has contributed upto 18 per cent of the Afghan budget, and released millions of dollars worth of foreign exchange to finance the import of consumer goods. As the Afghan Aid Committee report makes clear, Kabul has absorbed an influx of refugees from the countryside without suffering acute food shortages; Kabul's traditional position as a centre of trade has been combined with a government policy to release fifty tonnes of wheat per day on to the market at the subsidised rate of 120 a/s.

Economic Prospects for the Third World

Juanary 7 1984 Economic Prospects for the Third World Robert Wade THE international economic; forecasting agencies do not often find themselves in agreement about what the future wilt bring. So it is all the more alarming that the IMF, World Bank, OECD and UNCTAD find themselves in substan tial agreement that the economic prospects for the Third World over the next few years are distinctly gloomy., While they have recently revised their forecasts for the western industrial economies slightly upwards, the forecasts for the Third World have been moved downwards. Disparities m. growth rates between industrial and. developing countries are now thought likely to be greater than expected and the beginning of this year, as developing countries are forced to make bigger cuts in incomes and imports in order to make net repayments on foreign loans.

Corruption Where Does the Money go

Corruption: Where Does the Money go? Robert Wade "THERE is no single lawless group in the whole country whose record of crimes comes anywhere near the record of that .single organised unit, which Is the Indian Police Force''. So declared an Indian High Court judge in the early 1960s. He attracted severe censure for his remarks, hut they do still correspond with a widespread image of Indian police as endemically' corrupt.

Group Action for Irrigation

There is far more autonomous voluntary group action for economic ends in the Indian countryside than is generally thought to be the case. It exists because of a tightly individualistic assessment of mutual interest, as in the case decribed in this paper.

ITALY- Creeping Coup D etat

February 13, 1982 ITALY Creeping Coup D'etat? Robert Wade ITALY's P2 .scandal has run true to the form of scandals in Italy. A few marginal heads have rolled, a parliamentary enquiry has been launched, the papers have been full of rumours of espionage and massive corruption. By now the public is bored and the parliamentary enquiry has run into the sand. The most important questions remain unanswered. The organisers of the P2 must be well pleased with the outcome.

Collective Responsibility in Philippino Irrigation A New Approach

Irrigation: A New Approach Robert Wade It is by now a familiar point that many public sector water supply projects are working badly. It is also a familiar argument that substantial improvement requires more delegation of responsibility to water users, for planning and day-to-day management. Less faimliar are serious attempts to explain why, in India, the traditional top-down approach persists even for small 'tank' projects, with engineers con- tinning to have the dominant role in design and construction, and with the building of local management capabilities continuing to be overlooked. Less familiar, too, are practical suggestions about how the government might go about implementing an approach based on fostering local collective responsibility.

How to Destabilise the Countryside

How to 'Destabilise' the Countryside THE government of Japan has recently given the Government of India an advanced- technology rice transplanting machine and rice combine-harvester. The machines are now in West Goda- vary district, where they ire to be adapted for use in Indian conditions by agricultural engineers and agronomists of the Andhra Pradesh Department of Agriculture. There is considerable excitement in official circles about the possibilities of these machines, because, it is pointed out, the cost of labour these days is becoming so high that rice farmers are finding the crop not economic. With these machines, labour costs can be reduced considerably, to the benefit of the farmer.

On Substituting Management for Water in Canal Irrigation-A South Indian Case

Canal Irrigation A South Indian Case Robert Wade How is water to be delivered in a canal system: by 'continuous' or 'rotational' flow? In India, rotational delivery has been the normal Yule in the canals of the north, while in the south continuous flow delivery has been the rule.

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