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Redefining and Feminising Security

Issues of security have all too often focused on military aspects, emphasising elements of 'masculinisation'. But for long lasting solutions, it is necessary to involve groups that have remained 'marginal' so far - in particular the women's movements and action forums. A gender-based perspective could offer radical solutions, as women's viewpoints, attitudes and 'coping strategies' - as seen in Northern Ireland and South Africa, could bring in far-reaching, positive and provide durable security in the long run.

Dialectics on Power

Gautam Sen’s ‘Opinion’ piece, ‘Indian foreign policy: a power political interpretation’ (EPW, January 13-19) is anchored in the ‘realist’ imaginary of canonical International Relations – ‘power, security, survival and dominance’. But his sinister architecture of the regional and global political spaces threateningly encircling a nuclear Indian, which lamentably self wills its external enfeeblement and dependence, rests on a own curious even violent yoking of disparate developments, half truths and outright fictions, innuendoes and sweeping judgments.

Redefining and Feminising Security

Marginalised and rendered a footnote all through history, women's voices have been rarely heard in security concerns. But as events in the recent history of war have borne out, the need for women to move beyond the humanitarian front of the war story and claiming a seat at the negotiating table has become an imperative. Issues of genocide, impunity and security for all affect them as well, and their presence is necessary for building a 'just' and enduring peace, reconstruction and reconciliation.

Political Situation in Kashmir-Duped by Media and Government

Political Situation in Kashmir Duped by Media and Government Gautam Navlakha Rita Manchanda Tapan K Bose While elections in the Kashmir valley were held in the massive presence of Indian army and threats of renegade militants, across the border, parties refusing to owe allegiance to Pakistan were disqualified from contesting the elections in Azad Kashmir. In both countries the media has become an accomplice of the respective governments in misinforming people.

Shedding Illusions about Indo-US Defence Co-operation

Defence Co-operation THE army brass had openly rejoiced. The era of co-operation with the world's defence technology leader, the US, had finally dawned. Without a trace of misgivings, the then army chief, general S F Rodrigues, enthusiastically announced in December 1991 that based on a "shared strategic perception", Indo-US ties would evolve into "a mutual arrangement that benefits both equally. His eyes were set on the ambitious Kickleighter proposals which held out the promise of " enhanced levels of service-to-service contacts and exchanges".

RAW in Sri Lanka

RAW in Sri Lanka Rita Manchanda Indian Intervention in Sri Lanka: The Role of India's Intelligence Agencies by Rohan Gunaratna; South Asian Network on Conflict Research, Colombo, 1993, WHAT happens when in a democracy foreign policy becomes a captive to covert intelligence operators? The Iran-Contra affair is the obvious example, an object lesson on the risk of intelligence agencies hijacking the diplomatic process. Closer to home there is Pakistan's Inter Service Intelligence (ISl), a virtual autonomous power centre which is accused of directing a 'proxy war' in India, Daily, newspaper headlines denounce the subversive and terrorist activities of the ISI in India. Ministers of the government publicly accuse the ISI of being responsible for terrorist activity ranging from the training and arming of militants to the Bombay bomb blasts.

Press Council Report on Army in Kashmir

in Kashmir Rita Manchanda Even if the Kunan-Poshpara rape incident had been concocted and the "women tutored and coerced into making statements derogatory to their own honour and dignity", the Verghese Committee, which arrived at this conclusion, would have lent its investigation more weight had it displayed less of an overt bias towards the army version.

Annual Nuclear Hiccup in US-Pakistan Relations

Last month US president Bush, supposedly unable to certify that Pakistan did not possess a nuclear explosive device suspended aid to that country Just how significant was this decision? Does this mean that the US will at last take a stand on Pakistan's violations of non-proliferation laws?

INDO-PAK RELATIONS- Climate of Mistrust

INDO-PAK RELATIONS Climate of Mistrust Rita Manchanda THE wonder is that the present phase of the Indo-Pakistan dialogue has not foundered upon the layer upon mounting layer of mutual suspicion and mistrust about each other's intentions. In New Delhi especially, suspicions about Pakistan's nuclear intentions have acquired alarmist proportions with the recent disclosure of Islamabad successfully testing the US-made Kryton detonators, normally used in a nuclear explosion. Misgivings continue also to persist on Pakistan's support for terrorist activity in Punjab.

WOMEN-On the Road to Nairobi

 Approach Paper, namely, productivity is concerned, it is to be noted that the new textile policy aims at achieving productivity only per machine and not per person employed in the endeavour of producing cloth for the country; nor does it aim at productivity of scarce resources such as capital and energy per unit of cloth output and per person employed.

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