ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Richard Palmer-JonesSubscribe to Richard Palmer-Jones

Are the 2000 Poverty Estimates for India a Myth, Artefact or Real?

The objective of this study is to assess whether the estimates of poverty provided by the government of India for the year 1999-2000 are appropriate, as these estimates have generated a lot of controversy both in India and abroad. We examine this issue using non-parametric methods and provide alternate estimates of poverty for all-India and 16 major states. We compare our poverty estimates with those presented in the literature. Our broad conclusion is that the different methods proposed for correcting poverty estimates in India are unlikely to yield even approximately correct estimates of poverty, or consensus on these estimates, when there are unknown measurement errors due to incomparable surveys.

On India's Poverty Puzzles and Statistics of Poverty

The greater availability of NSS data sets has prompted a flurry of studies on poverty in India generating much debate. Some of the controversy relates to issues to do with quality of data. This article surveys the debate on poverty and the key issues raised in the debate, discussing the construction of the original poverty lines. The authors present new evidence on the divergence between calorie-based poverty measure and the official poverty line, and explore alternative explanations for this divergence.
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