ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Deciphering Growth and Development

Uttar Pradesh’s growth and development is increasingly becoming part of the political discourse as the 2017 state elections approach. The Akhilesh Yadav government has showcased its strategies and achievements through public advertisements. Given that all major parties in the fray have been in power in the state at some time or another, this article examines UP’s record of growth and development over the long run, and over specific sub-periods linked to various political regimes. It specifically examines how growth strategies, focused on industrial and infrastructure growth, have evolved since the early 1990s, poor governance has influenced the general development scenario as well as the impact of “social justice” oriented governments on socially inclusive development.

Uttar Pradesh, circa 2017

On 21 November 2016, Mulayam Singh Yadav, the Samajwadi Party (SP) leader and father of the Uttar Pradesh (UP) Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav, inaugurated the 326 kilometre (km) Agra–Lucknow Expressway, completed in a record time of 22 months. The official inauguration was also marked by a touchdown...

Obituaries

T S Papola(1941–2015) In the passing away of T S Papola on 23 November 2015 at the age of 74, India has lost an erudite scholar and arguably its most prominent labour economist. In his career, spanning over 50 years, he served in many institutions beginning with Lucknow University, and then the...

Obituary

T S Papola(1941–2015) In the passing away of T S Papola on 23 November 2015 at the age of 74, India has lost an erudite scholar and arguably its most prominent labour economist. In his career, spanning over 50 years, he served in many institutions beginning with Lucknow University, and then the...

Social Science Research in India in a Medium-term Perspective

A recent two-day international conference organised by the Indian Council for Social Science Research saw extended discussions by a host of social scientists and institutional representatives on the role and challenges confronting Indian social science. It was felt that fi scal strengthening of social science research needed to go hand in hand with appropriate institutional strategies and policy reform. The announcement of a series of new initiatives by the Ministry of Human Resource Development appeared to signal a larger role for the social sciences in India.

Making the Case for a Rights-based Approach

The second tribute to Arjun Sengupta by a more recent younger colleague, who worked with him in the last decade of his life.

Women, Work, and Employment Outcomes in Rural India

Large-scale surveys show that while rural women's employment has grown over the decades, women are still largely self-employed or employed as casual labour in agriculture. They face various forms of discrimination, including job-typing that pushes them into low-paying jobs. Higher work participation per se does not lead to better outcomes unless accompanied by higher education, and/or assets. Education may not positively influence a woman's participation in work, but for women who are in the workforce, education is the most important determinant of better quality non-agricultural work. Women's autonomy, measured in terms of control over land, mobility, and a willingness to join self-help groups, enables them to move into non-agricultural jobs. The paper argues for policy interventions to increase work opportunities and enhance wages for rural women workers.

National Knowledge Commission: Meeting Social Goals or Neoliberal Reform?

The National Knowledge Commission has made a number of important general recommendations for higher education, but there has been little working out of detail and the database on some important dimensions is questionable. The main conclusions are based on an analysis of the public education system with very little focus on the growing private sector. It is doubtful whether the NKC recommendations constitute a step forward in meeting the national goals in higher education at this juncture.

Rural Wages during the 1990s: A Re-estimation

A major premise of economic reforms was the stimulus it was expected to give to the agriculture sector and to the demand for labour in rural areas. However, recent studies have given conflicting results regarding the trend in wages. In this paper, we re-estimate rural wage rates from the three NSS rounds for 1983, 1993-94 and 1999-2000 for 15 major states. Our results show that the growth rate of manual casual agricultural wages declined during the post-reform period with some differences at the state level. In the case of manual casual non-agricultural wages there was no decline in the growth rates at the all-India level. In the case of wages for all casual (manual and non-manual) wage labour, a decline was registered by both agricultural and non-agricultural wages in the 1990s. Analysis of the determinants of agricultural wages revealed that agricultural productivity, rural diversification, investment per hectare in agriculture, and percentage of agricultural labourers in the workforce were the key factors, with the impact of the latter two being lower in 1999-2000 compared to the earlier periods.

A Major National Initiative

For the first time in India a comprehensive social security scheme for the unorganised sector has been proposed. The proposal by the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector seeks to develop a healthy workforce that in turn will have a positive impact on national income and economic growth. The scheme aims to cover sickness, maternity, old age and death and proposes a participatory system with some contributions from the workers.

SAP and the Rural Sector

SAP and the Rural Sector Ravi Srivastava Growth, Employment and Poverty: Change and Continuity in Rural India by G K Chaddha and Alakh Narain Sharma (eds); Vikas Publishing House, Delhi, 1997, on behalf of the Indian Society of Labour Economics; pp 473, Rs 475 (hardback).
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