ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Ramaswamy R IyerSubscribe to Ramaswamy R Iyer

Towards Clarity on Reservations Question

Towards Clarity on Reservations Question Ramaswamy R Iyer Examining logically some of the commonly encountered propositions relating to the reservation question, the present paper while admitting that there is indeed a case for compensatory discrimination rejects the view that this should necessarily take the form of reservation of posts. Compensatory discrimination, it is argued here, should consist largely of special measures of assistance for enhancing educational levels and employability of disadvantaged groups, and a weighted-comparison system at the point of recruitment, supplemented if inescapably necessary by a very limited number of reserved posts. Such measures would address present and continuing disabilities while avoiding the dangers of retributive injustice.

Public Enterprises as State and Article 12

The legal view that public enterprises are 'state' virtually destroys the difference between departmental and corporate public enterprises, and renders the corporate form otiose for all practical purposes, weakens the managements of public enterprises vis-a-vis their employees and unscrupulous tenderers and suppliers, and gravely undermines discipline as well as enterprise-like behaviour, provides no special protection to the consumer against monopolist behaviour or restrictive trade practices, for which other remedies have to be found and undermines an important instrument of policy and strategy in developmental planning and virtually presents the government with only two choices, namely, to establish departmental undertakings or to leave matters to the private sector This clearly represents the most serious threat to the continuance of the public enterprise experiment in this country.

Privatisation Debate An Alternative Framework

Privatisation Debate: An Alternative Framework Ramaswamy R Iyer I AM delighted that T L Sankar and Y Venugopal Reddy have responded at some length (February 17-24) to my review of their book on 'Privatisation'. I do not propose to join issue with their questioning of some of my comments and criticisms. The purpose of the present reply is to explore certain general conceptual and theoretical questions further.

Too Little Water or Too Much

Studies in Irrigation and Water Management by B D Dhawan; Institute of Economic Growth, Studies in Economic Development and Planning No 53, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 1989; pp 255 + vi, Rs 240.

Tea Will Prices Fall

Studies in Irrigation and Water Management by B D Dhawan; Institute of Economic Growth, Studies in Economic Development and Planning No 53, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 1989; pp 255 + vi, Rs 240.

Large Dam Debate A Response to an Intervention

Large Dam Debate: A Response to an Intervention I AM very gratified at the careful and detailed attention that Jasveen Jairath has devoted (EPW, January 13) to my article on the large dam controversy. Such a serious critique deserves a considered response, and I shall attempt it in the hope that others will join this debate.

Intelligentsia as a Ruling Class-An Alternative Hypothesis

Intelligentsia as a Ruling Class An Alternative Hypothesis Ramaswamy R Iyer TO my deep regret, Ashok Rudra's long- awaited response (EPW, August 26) to my comments on his article deals with only a couple of my points and then declines further discussion on the ground that a communication between the two of us is impossible. I cannot force him into communication, but may I offer a few explanations and further comments in the hope that he may change his mind?

Red Herring of Privatisation

Privatisation: Diversification of Ownership of Public Enterprises edited by T L Sankar and Y Venugopal Reddy; Institute of Public Enterprises and Book Links Corporation, Hyderabad, 1989; PP xviii + 243, Rs 225.

Large Dams The Right Perspective

Ramaswamy R Iyer We cannot, on environmental grounds, say 'No' to large dams and reservoirs; nor can we, having regard to projections of demand and availability, accept the view that there is no need for such projects. We should certainly accord priority to the utilisation of the potential already created, the reclamation of the potential which has been lost through misuse, and a vast improvement in water management (including both economy in use and recycling). We must encourage extensive local water-harvesting, and undertake re-greening and other measures to retard the rate of run-off and improve the retention of water in the ground. We should also place a much greater emphasis than in the past on minor irrigation, which calls for less immediate investment, promises quicker results, and presents fewer problems. Possibilities such as the use of seawater and the tapping of deep underground aquifers also need to be examined. However, we cannot rule out investment in at least some large-dam projects. Large and small projects, and the use of surface water and groundwater, have to be integral parts of an overall plan of land-use and water-use Jar a drainage basin or watercourse system as a whole. At the same time, considering the heavy costs (financial, human, social and environmental) involved in large-dam projects, we have to be highly selective and extremely cautious regarding approvals to such projects.

The Intelligentsia as a Ruling Class-Some Questions

The Intelligentsia as a Ruling Class Some Questions Ramaswamy R Iyer ONE began reading Ashok Rudra's article on 'The Emergence of the Intelligentsia as a Ruling Class' (January 21) with a sense of excitement, and an expectation that it would be a significant contribution to understanding. Very soon, one found one's assent faltering; doubts grew and sharpened into disagreements; and on a second reading, one realised with some disappointment that the initial impression of profundity was illusory That is strong criticism which needs justification; the present article is an attempt to set forth my differences with Rudra.

The Privatisation Argument

The Privatisation Argument Ramaswamy R Iyer THE present note has been partly occasioned by Samuel Paul's review of the international experience of privatisation (EPW, February 6), but is not a rejoinder to that article. While Paul's article is a result of research, this note is merely a piece of reasoning; and while the former does not either advocate or disapprove of privatisation, but is essentially concerned with the extent of success achieved and the factors responsible, the present note is an effort to bring out the logical implications of any proposal for the privatisation of public enterprises.

The Macro-Economic Study of the Public Enterprise Sector

'Public Enterprise Sector' Ramaswamy R Iyer Faced with sub-optimal performance by public enterprises and the strains which this imposes on the national plan and the budget, we can either consider how best that performance can be improved, or assume that public enterprises as a class are bound to be less efficient than private enterprises and recommend privatisation. Those who have no doctrinal discomfort with the notion of public enterprises will take the first course; and those who believe that the market is the norm and that any deviation from it (including the advent of the state into business) is a 'distortion', will tend towards the second course.

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