ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Rakesh Basant

Who Participates in Higher Education in India? Rethinking the Role of Affirmative Action

This paper explores how an individual's participation in higher education is dependent on her religious affiliations, socio-economic status and demographic characteristics. It argues that an appropriate measure of "deficits" in participation should inform the nature and scope of affirmative action. The study emphasises the relevance, both for analytical examination and in policy formulation, of distinguishing between stock and flow measures of participation and of recognising the differences (or imbalances) in the eligibility for higher education across groups. On isolating the effect of socio-religious affiliation from other factors that may influence participation in higher education, what emerges is a suggestion that the deficits faced by some marginalised groups are not substantial. If reservation policy for these groups is to be justified only on the basis of low participation, it may require a review.

Intellectual Property Rights Regimes: Comparison of Pharma Prices in India and Pakistan

Almost all earlier studies comparing pharmaceutical prices in Pakistan and India have attributed higher prices in Pakistan mainly to the differences in the intellectual property rights regime between the two countries. That Pakistan permits product patents while India does not is factually incorrect. This paper argues that a weak patent regime combined with policies to reduce market concentration, curb monopolies and encourage bulk drug production, initially through public sector investments, and the size of the Indian market could have led to development of indigenous process capabilities. Meanwhile, in Pakistan, the same patent policy was not combined with policies adopted in India and since the market size is much smaller, it did not have the same effect.

Social, Economic and Educational Conditions of Indian Muslims

The report of the high-level committee on the social, economic and educational status of Muslims in India, also known as the Sachar Committee, is the first attempt to provide information on conditions in the community using large-scale empirical data. It provides the basis for an informed debate, from an equity perspective, on the conditions of the Muslims. An overview of the report.