ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Rahul Suresh Sapkal

Amid a Legal Conundrum

Platform economy promotes flexibility and assures autonomy to the workers. With a rapid increase in digitally mediated platforms to govern the world of work, we often overlook the legal existence of workers’ employment status. Around the world, the highest courts are making concerted efforts to re-evaluate the core aspects of the criteria traditionally used to distinguish between employees and the self-employed. However, the judicially interpreted test for employee status determination often provides mixed results. This article, while providing an overview, advocates for using organisational integration tests instead of supervision and control tests to determine the legal employment status of platform workers.

Backward or Forward?

In recent years, the Maratha community has mobilised for reservations in employment and higher education, claiming that the lack of reservations has resulted in socio-economic backwardness. Their opponents have largely highlighted the political and economic dominance of the community. This paper examines the income, education and occupational status of the Marathas vis-à-vis non-Marathas while scrutinising the statistical limitations of the Gaikwad Committee report (2018). Compared to other castes and communities in Maharashtra, the Marathas have a higher proportion of the rich and wealthy and the lowest share among the poorest and poor. It is only in comparison to the Brahmins and other upper castes that the Marathas lag behind in education and employment.

 

Changes to Labour Laws by State Governments Will Lead to Anarchy in the Labour Market

The suspension of labour laws will intensify informality in the Indian workforce in several ways. Multiple labour market securities in the formal sector like employment, health and safety, skills, and income will either be weakened or destroyed. In these difficult times, the collectivisation of workers is essential to restore stability and solidarity in the workforce to mitigate economic hardships in the post-lockdown period.

 

Saving Jobs and Averting Lay-offs amidst COVID-19 Lockdown

Despite unleashing a slew of relief measures, the state is grappling to ensure that employers abstain from imposing lay-offs, pay cuts or unpaid leave during the lockdown. Even if the state mandates employers to pay wages without any lay-offs, then, in this context, there is a need to advocate for wider coverage of labour legislation in India. In the short run, fixing accountability on employers for wages and jobs will provide an interim relief, but, in the long run, we need to take financial viability into consideration and provide stimulus wage subsidy.