ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Rahul Banerjee

Sustainability of Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in Dryland Areas

The attainment of financial, environmental and social sustainability of urban service provision has become problematic nowadays. Within urban services, the supply of water and its disposal after use have become very important because water has to be brought from distant sources and the waste water needs to be treated before being discharged into natural waterbodies, both of which are very costly propositions. In dryland areas, which are physically water scarce and constitute some 70% of the country, the problem becomes even more acute. The water supply and sanitation services in the city of Indore in Madhya Pradesh are critically reviewed, and suggestions are made for alternative measures for a more equitable and sustainable water management system.

What Ails Panchayati Raj?

Two decades have elapsed since the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act institutionalised panchayati raj as the mandatory third tier of governance in India. Yet due to a lack of extensive devolution of the three Fs - functions, functionaries and funds - most panchayati raj institutions still operate as poor adjuncts to the bureaucracy and higher level governments. This paper reviews the process of devolving power to them and pinpoints the main obstacles in the path of establishing truly self-governing local bodies in rural areas. On the basis of this, recommendations are made to make them more effective.

Madhya Pradesh: Socio-economic Base of Political Dynamics

MADHYA PRADESH Socio-economic Base of Political Dynamics RAHUL BANERJEE The authors of the set of studies on Madhya Pradesh (November 26, 2005) have to be commended for their varied and detailed analyses of the prevailing situation in the state. However, as the compiler of the studies has admitted, given the vastness and diversity of the state there remained some gaps. I would like to dwell here on one such crucial gap in the study on the political dynamics of Madhya Pradesh by Shaibal Gupta (SG). He has totally ignored the peasant mobilisations by the Socialist Party and its various later editions and the mobilisation of the industrial proletariat by the Communist Party of India in the early post independence years and also the mass mobilisations by non-party political organisations in the final two decades of the last century. This is primarily because SG has done a desk study of published literature on the history of political mobilisations in Madhya Pradesh and sadly there is a total lack of scholarly studies on the mobilisations of the socialists and communists. Apart from Amita Baviskar