ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Grand Old Man of the Socialist Fringe

Unlike other intellectual stalwarts of the Indian socialist movement, Baleshwardayal Dikshit, popularly known as Mamaji, remained rooted to the bhil homeland and continued to give leadership to one of the most sustained but least publicised of peasant movements till the ripe age of 91.

On Education Guarantee Scheme in Madhya Pradesh

On Education Guarantee Scheme in Madhya Pradesh Rahul GOPALAKRISHNAN and Sharma (G and S) have made tall claims in favour of the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) being run by the government of Madhya Pradesh (GOMP) (EPW, September 26, 1998). They assert that this scheme has gone a long way towards universalising primary education in tribal areas at a very low cost without compromising on quality, while at the same time empowering local communities to demand and get education for their children. The reality, however, is considerably more dismal and so the record needs to be set straight so as to ensure that the poor tribals of Madhya Pradesh (MP) are not short-changed by a typically publicity hungry administration.

Bhil Women of Nimad-Growing Assertion

in understanding efforts made by elected representatives for the development of the village. The candidate contesting for Lok Sabha elections may not be aware of the work carried out by local elected representatives. This information has to be conveyed to the candidate through local elected representatives. This is supplied by concerned department and the file is carried throughout the campaign. In Khalgatgi village, one of the party workers said, "If we ask people to vote for your candidate, they ask us what is the work done by the candidate in last 18 months?" The party secretary explained to him about the work done by the MP such as construction of 11 bus stops, mini-water tank and laying of roads, He has prepared a list of activities carried out in the constituency and circulated it to villagers. Party workers feel that the villager should be informed about the work done by the elected representative. This can make a better case for persuading electoral masses to vote for the same candidate again.

Reasserting Ecological Ethics-Bhils Struggles in Alirajpur

As modern development threatens to displace tribal populations from their last fastness in the hills and forests, they have begun all over the world to fight for survival using modern means and methods. This synthesis of the traditional and the modern holds promise of survival not only for them but for humanity as a whole. The historical experience of the bhil tribals of Alirajpur in Madhya Pradesh and their organised resurgence in recent times may have pointers for the evaluation of a modern theory and practice of ecological ethics.

Green Revolution and Subsistence Agriculture-You Reap as You Sow

Agriculture You Reap as You Sow Rahul Jacob Nellithanam The green revolution has not only made agriculture economically unviable but has also destroyed the environmentally rich biodiversity of crops. By reviving the unirrigated wheat varieties in the Malwa region, a group of activists and farmers is attempting to enrich subsistence farming and delink food production from commercial and industrial interests.

Interpreting MP Voting Patterns

Congress politicians during British rule. Not being a liberal democrat, I do not attach much importance to the charade of representative politics that the British enacted in the central provinces and refuse to characterise the political climate there as having been more progressive than in the princely states. The very fact that the princes and the Congress politicians got together after independence to pursue patently anti-people policies by putting to use the experience of repressive governance gained under British tutelage proves that there was not much of a difference between them. CJ quotes me partially where I talk about upper class Congress politicians from Chhattisgarh being traditionally dominant in state politics as a consequence of their experience from British times, while ignoring the lengthy discussion that follows about their subsequent marginalisation to being reduced to being almost nonentities today. The 1996 Lok Sabha elections have as never before brought out the resurgence that has been taking place among the oppressed classes in Madhya Pradesh over the past decade and the progressive decline of the degenerate princes and sundry other upper classes. My analysis of the voting behaviour across the last few elections since 1984 according to my "map" of Madhya Pradesh in my later article clearly brings out this development. In the circumstances I fail to understand why CJ wants to persist with the traditional division of Madhya Pradesh which reflects to obsolete reality of a bygone reactionary era instead of creating a new one in tune with the aspirations of the masses many of whom would be only too happy to sec it breaking up into smaller states.

Masquerading as the Masses

Drafting a People's Forest Bill: The Forest Dweller-Social Activist Alternative edited by Walter Fernandes; Indian Social Institute, Delhi, 1996;

The Meek Lay Claim to Their Inheritance-Portents of the 1996 Election Results from Madhya Pradesh

Portents of the 1996 Election Results from Madhya Pradesh Rahul The contradictions that arise in a poor country like India with its vast diversity due to uneven dependent capitalist development are difficult to reconcile within a bourgeois parliamentary set-up and this led to two parallel developments from the late 1960s onwards. On the one hand, more and more people have chosen extra-parliamentary violent and non-violent channels of political activity and on the other there has been a trend towards coalition politics within the parliamentary system itself With time these features have become more and more prominent with both extra- parliamentary political activity and coalition politics on the rise.

MP Assembly Elections, 1993

MP Assembly Elections, 1993 Rahul THE articles on the 1993 assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh by Christophe Jaffrelot (a) and Sanjay Kumar (SK) (EPW, Vol 31, Nos 2 and 3) leave a lot to be desired in terms of factual accuracy and rigorous psephological analysis. An attempt is here made to set the record straight.

Looking Back in Wonder-In Search of Our Ecological Roots

In Search of Our Ecological Roots The burgeoning struggles around natural resources have generated a groundswell of debate in political and academic circles which has established the validity of social science research from an ecological angle. The need today is to evolve a framework and eventually establish the guiding principles of an ecological historiography and praxis.

Rhetoric versus Reality-The State, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and People s Participation

The State, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and People's Participation Rahul The experience of a people's organisation in the tribal areas of Madhya Pradesh in trying to implement the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana raises relevant questions about the real purpose of promoting schemes ostensibly aimed at transferring decisionmaking powers to the people.

On Modernity and Its Victims

On 'Modernity and Its Victims' Rahul RAVI SUNDARAM in the footnote to his review of Zygmant Bauman's Modernity and the Holocaust [EPW, February 29] tries to define modernity by listing the various aspects of this concept. Though he does refer to the accumulation of capital as a factor, nevertheless from the fact that he lists them in greater detail it is obvious that he gives more importance to the social-cultural effects of this basic economic process. Both Bauman and Sundaram by over-emphasising the superstructure over the base seek the roots of genocidal tendencies in social- cultural factors and tend to ignore the economic causes of such tragedies. It is necessary to fill out and in some cases correct their analyses by reference to the economic compulsions that lead to such human disasters.

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