ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

R ThamarajakshiSubscribe to R Thamarajakshi

Growth and Poverty in India in the 1990s

In the copious discussion recently on the data base for poverty measurement in India, doubts have been raised whether the household expenditure survey data generated by the 50-year old National Sample Survey system currently being used for poverty measurement fully reflects the growth in consumer expenditure and captures the extent of change in the poverty ratio. And when the results of the quinquennial survey for 1999-2000 were released, the change in its survey design threw up yet another controversy about the validity of its results. These two issues have been discussed at length and we shall outline briefly the salient aspects of the discussion and move on to the more substantive question whether conditions of rapid growth and decline in poverty obtained in the 1990s.

Doha Declaration and Agriculture in Developing Countries

Developing countries had hoped that the Agreement on Agriculture negotiated as part of the Uruguay Round and signed at Marrakesh in 1994 by 120 countries would open up export markets for their products in the developed countries. In the past six years, however, these countries have found that several asymmetries and inequities in the agreement were not conducive to their interests. These concerns were voiced at several meetings and the WTO was urged time and again to first attend to these implementation issues before widening the scope of the WTO at the Fourth Ministerial Conference. This article discusses the progress reflected in this regard in the Doha declaration.

National Agricultural Policy

The national agricultural policy covers an impressive array of themes, but its treatment of them is too general and unrelated to the objectives specified. As a result the document does not lead to a cogent set of policy measures nor does it prioritise the tasks to be undertaken.

Agriculture and Economic Reforms

It is time that efficiency considerations prevail in public spending in agriculture and market signals are allowed to come into full play so that changes in agricultural investment and production are demanddriven in response to domestic and international prices. Government should focus on productive investment, technology and research, marketing and storage and agro-processing facilities and provision of food safety-nets for the vulnerable poor and development of a diversified agriculture in line with emerging demand patterns.

Economic Reforms and State Intervention in Foodgrian Market

Economic Reforms and State Intervention in Foodgrain Market R Thamarajakshi State intervention in the foodgrain market has to be considered in the light of the overall objectives of structural adjustment and economic liberalisation as also the impressive trends in cereal production.

Ecology and Sustainable Development

Ecology and Sustainable Development R Thamarajakshi Geological Economics; A Practical Program me (or Global Reform, The Group of Green Economists; Zed Books, London, 1992; pp 162.

Some Aspects of Environmental Accounting

Some Aspects of Environmental Accounting R Thamarajakshi Until depletion and degradation of natural resources are allowed for in national accounts, there would need to be a separate appraisal and a qualifying statement in the accounts of the possible impact of these on income estimates.

Intersectoral Terms of Trade Revisited

R Thamarajakshi This paper examines the performance of agriculture in the Indian economy in the context of changing trends in the commodity terms of trade between agriculture and the rest of the economy. Aggregate terms of trade, it is argued, do not seem to enter as such in the calculus of farmers' production decisions. On the other hand, real factors which promote growth of crop yields and which impart relative stability to agriculture have a deciding influence on profitability of agriculture. Perhaps the causality is from production to terms of trade THE subject of terms of trade between agriculture and rest of the economy is an area of enduring interest to development analysts. There are changing and complex relations between the sectors in the process of growth. Changes in terms of trade are an aspect of changing intersectoral relationships. When economies develop, demand patterns diversify and production patterns adjust to these demand patterns leading to structural changes in work force and gross domestic product. Consequently, commodity terms of trade also change in the course of development. The question is whether, in the dynamic context, movements in terms of trade at the sectoral level significantly alter farmers' decisions. This paper examines the performance of agriculture in the Indian economy in the context of differential trends in the commodity terms of trade in the past decades.

Agricultural Growth, Rural Development and Employment Generation

Employment Generation R Thamarajakshi What are the implications of the structural changes which have taken place in the Indian economy for employ- ment generation? What are likely to be the labour absorbing sectors in the years ahead? Has agriculture exhausted its labour absorbing potential? This paper addresses some of these questions.

Some Aspects of Growth of Indian Agriculture

G V K Rao R Thamarajakshi The agricultural scene has undergone a qualitative change. Especially in food production the Country has overcome 'scarcity'. A number of administrative, technological, social and structural innovations have resulted in this situation. There is also a stability in agriculture which can make it witlistand weather variations. Full exploitation of the irrigation potential and of input possibilities should enable the country to achieve the targets it has set before it.

Methodology for Agricultural Commodity Projections

Commodity Projections R Thamarajakshi Seminar on Demand and Supply Projections for Agricultural Commodities, Seminar Series IX; the Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, Bombay; December 1972; pp 225; Rs 10.

Expenditure - Elasticities of Intersectoral Consumer Demand in India

Consumer Demand in India R Thamarajakshi The dynamics of the agriculture-industry linkages are determined, among other things, by the relative values of expenditure elasticities of inter-sectoral consumer demand. When investments are undertaken in a developing economy, they result through the multiplier in increased money incomes.


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