ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

R RajaramanSubscribe to R Rajaraman

Fallout from Nuclear Deal

While a significant world view holds that India wishes to enlarge its nuclear arsenal through the Indo-US nuclear deal, it is up to India to reassure the world that the deal has in no way altered India's policy of minimal deterrence. It is equally important to send a clear signal to nuclear hawks that success in negotiating the nuclear deal does not constitute an open licence for building a large and dangerous arsenal.

Nuclear Civil Defence in South Asia:Is It Feasible?

While nuclear arsenals in India and Pakistan keep growing, there has been some suggestion of them seeking to develop civil defence measures to protect their populations from a nuclear war. This paper discusses the practicality of nuclear civil defence in south Asia. It first outlines the nuclear weapons effects from which India and Pakistan must seek to protect their citizens. It then describes briefly how other nuclear weapons states have approached tasks such as protection of their citizens against blast, fire and fall-out, and possible evacuation of populations from cities, as well as alerting and educating the public to nuclear danger. The authors then assess the challenges that India and Pakistan would confront if they seek to implement such measures. Finally, with these constraints in mind, the paper offers simple proposals for civil defence measures that might mitigate in some small way the great damage that would follow from nuclear weapons use in the subcontinent.

Nuclear Early Warning in South Asia

India's 1999 Draft Nuclear Doctrine proposed the setting up of 'effective intelligence and early warning capabilities', to provide 'early warning, communications, damage/detonation assessment'. Pursuing this policy, India has started acquiring key components of such an early warning network, including the Green Pine radar from Israel. Pakistan too has hinted at matching Indian plans for putting in place early warning systems. Against this background this study examines the different ingredients that go into the setting up of early warning systems and assesses their effectiveness. Using the insights gained from the study it also draws policy inferences about the viability and advisability of early warning systems in south Asia.

Possession and Deployment of Nuclear Weapons in South Asia

This paper examines some of operational requirements and the dangers that come with the possibility that in the foreseeable future India and Pakistan may deploy their nuclear arsenals. The authors first describe the analytical basis for the inevitability of accidents in complex high-technology systems. Then they turn to potential failures of nuclear command and control and early warning systems as examples. They go on to discuss the possibility and consequences of accidental explosions involving nuclear weapons and their delivery systems. Finally some measures to reduce these risks are suggested.

Higher Education To Set the House in Order

There has been too much emphasis in India on 'liberal education' at the university level and far too much has been invested in university education at the expense of school education. That more and more of higher education should be professions-oriented, and that admissions to different institutions should be correlated to projected manpower needs, has been proposed time and again by many educationists and has been put forth in some detail in the Education Commission Reports.
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