ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by R Maria SalethSubscribe to R Maria Saleth

Remembering B D Dhawan (1938–2020)

The literary expertise and journey of late B D Dhawan are detailed upon, along with a look at his contributions to the Economic & Political Weekly.


New ‘Water Management Paradigm’

This article critiques theMihir Shah Committee report and the articles about it in this journal (24 December 2016). It says that although the report has intended to be an attempt at restructuring of water institutions, it has, unfortunately ended just as an exercise in restructuring “water organisations,” and its contents get reduced to a mere “preface” rather than a serious analytical attempt towards a practical approach to institutional restructuring in the water sector.

Irrigation Privatisation in India

Conceiving 'private sector' broadly to include not only the corporate sector but also the consultancy and contracting firms, water users' associations, non-governmental organisations, and the general public, this paper evaluates the options for promoting private sector participation in canal irrigation management, discusses the major issues involved in actualising such options, recounts some recent initiatives on irrigation privatisation, and outlines the thrust and focus of a strategy for promoting irrigation privatisation in India.

Occupational Diversification among Rural Groups-A Case Study of Rural Transformation in Tamil Nadu

Rural Groups A Case Study of Rural Transformation in Tamil Nadu R Maria Saleth Treating the employment and income patterns underlying the observed occupational structure as an analytical tool and using primary information obtained from 218 households in four villages in Tiruchirapalli district of Tamil Nadu, this article aims to empirically explain as to how and why rural transformation has a differential impact on various rural groups in terms of employment and income diversification. It shows that since the income benefits of rural transformation are related more with asset ownership than with employment shares, employment diversification, though necessary, is not sufficient for income diversification among the rural poor. While occupational diversification does contribute to income stability, its role in income enhancement is severely constrained by lower wage rates in rural occupations where the poor groups participate the most.

Towards a New Water Institution-Economics, Law, and Policy

The widespread and persistent symptoms of an imminent water crisis are a clear testimony for the failure of our current water-related policies as well as the instruments and institutions through which they are implemented. It is now time to seek more durable, though politically harder and technically challenging, options like the institution of a water rights system. What is the status of the issue of water rights in current policy? What are the legal, economic, and physical characters and requirements that a water rights structure should satisfy? Do we have enough institutional and technical potential for instituting a water rights system capable of tackling the critical issue of water distribution between uses and users that too both across time and space?

Are Groundwater Markets Viable in Uttar Pradesh

Are Groundwater Markets Viable in Uttar Pradesh?
R Maria Saleth Dynamics of Groundwater Irrigation by Kripa Shankar; Segment Publications,
THE widespread occurrence of groundwater depletion and scarcity has prompted the search for institutional mechanisms to promote efficient, equitable and ecologically sustainable use of this scarce resource. While state-sponsored instruments like well-spacing and power tariff regulations have evidently failed, the spontaneous emergence of groundwater transfers among the farmers on their own accord has raised the hope of researchers in their search for an alternative institutional option for groundwater utilisation and management. Thanks to the efforts of a number of researchers who have meticulously documented the phenomenon of groundwater markets (GWMs) in various parts of the country, we have today a large body of knowledge on this localised but evolving rural institution Documented evidence till todate suggests a broad typology of GWMs functioning in different parts of the country While the GWMs in the water- scarce Gujarat have taken an almost agribusiness proportions with cash-based commercial transactions, in parts of Tamil Nadu they have displayed a different character with water rents being charged by sellers to the tune of about one-third of total output on buyers' farms! On the other hand, the GWMs in the relatively water- abundant Indo-Gangetic regions appear to fall somewhere in between the two extremes with a very mute form of commercial character. Despite the large body of literature on GWMs, a number of issues remain largely unattended or dealt with only tangentially. Apart from the legal and institutional issues that went largely ignored so far in the literature, there are the following two critical issues that still remain unsettled. Are the GWMs viable in strict economic calculations based on full cost principles? What are the economic linkages between groundwater selling and the utilisation of irrigation assets like tubewells/pumpsets? The book by Kripa Shankar provides empirical evidences from UP to gain new clues to and insights into these and other related issues involved in the use of groundwater and irrigation assets.

Distribution Pattern of Lift Irrigation in India-An Analysis by Hydro-Geological Regions

An Analysis by Hydro-Geological Regions R Maria Saleth M Thangaraj Investment on minor irrigation during the Eighth Plan is almost equal to die total public sector investment on minor irrigation development during all the previous plans combined More than three-fourths of the minor irrigation potential ejected to be created during the plan period is based on lift irrigation. Lift irrigation as a drought proofing mechanism is expected to make an unprecedented expansion during the Eighth Plan.

Sustainable Mountain Agriculture-Beyond a Mountain Perspective

Sustainable Mountain Agriculture Beyond a 'Mountain Perspective' R Maria Saleth Sustainable Mountain Agriculture edited by N S Jodha, M Banskota and Tej Partap; Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi, 1992; two volumes,

Big Dams Controversy Economics, Ecology, and Equity

Big Dams Controversy: Economics, Ecology, and Equity R Maria Saleth The Big Dams: Claims and Counter Claims edited by B D Dhawan; Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, pp xv + 207, Rs 220.

Major Issues in Minor Irrigation

R Maria Saleth Studies in Minor Irrigation: with Special Reference to Groundwater by B D Dhawan; Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 1990; pp viii + 209, Rs 200 (hardboard).

Economic Roots of Political Domination

handful of lawyers, businessmen, professionals and landowners came to occupy positions of leadership in the Congress, who were the others to fit this role in other parties? Take the case of the CPI. Those who joined it during the 1930s came from well- to-do upper caste families

Land Reform under Military-Agrarian Reform in Peru, 1969-78

Agrarian Reform in Peru, 1969-78 R Maria Saleth The issue of land reform postponed for decades in Peru was addressed by a relatively progressive military leader- ship during 1969-78 thanks to political pressure from radical peasant movements and the economic crises in agriculture. The reform has transferred 50 per cent of the total farm area to about 33 per cent of the rural families organised mostly under various forms of co-operatives to preserve agricultural productivity while effecting an unequal pattern of rural income distribution. Consequently, the tenurial changes effected under the reform was only minimal although there occurred fundamental changes in tenancy and other agrarian relations with the elimination of all remaining vestiges of the feudal-like hacienda system. Although the reform failed to solve the problems of landlessness, it can be considered a notable success in modernising the agrarian sector so as to create the necessary conditions for autonomous industrial development like the creation of market-oriented and technologically responsive rural middle class, the transfer of agrarian capital into the industrial sector, and the conversion of former oligarchies and hacienda owners into industrial bourgeoisie by cutting their links with land.

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