ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Reassessing Trotskys Writings

A R Desai IT was on August 20 fifty years ago that an agent of Stalin, Ramon Mercader, assassinated Trotsky by a blow from an ice-pick. Trotsky died the next day and was buried in Mexico City. Since then the situation has changed considerably in Soviet Union especially recently. Gorbachev's policy of glasnost has generated currents of democra- tisation, wherein Stalin and Stalin's crimes are being attacked on a massive scale and the situation created by Stalinist policies both during his life-time and afterwards are being scrutinised. These forces are transcending national boundaries and are creating conditions which will have a far-reaching impact on the future course of world revolutionary development. Trends and tendencies generated in the Soviet Union are challenging, from different vintage points, the bureaucratic, authoritarian over-centralised Russification in the name of the integration of the fatherland subordinating and inhibiting the Liberationist currents in the various units which formed the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics. The new forces are rapidly discarding one-party totalitarian political structures and have raised many fundamental issues concerning Stalin phenomenon.

Trends of Change in Indian Society since Independence

Trends of Change in Indian Society since Independence RAJIV GANDHI and his (ever changing) team are proclaiming, through their massive and expanding TV and radio network that during the remaining 15 years of the 20th century a face-lift will be given to Indjan society by ushering in changes of a far- reaching nature through economic policies, technological thrusts, educational and cultural programmes as well as by making governance clean and efficient. This promise of a face lift is described as ushering Indian society, within a decade and half, into a computer-laser-age founded on high productivity and efficient and clean management.

Ignored Current in Indian National Liberation Movement

that knowledge." Zuckerman points out that the consensus among researchers is that the scholarly community itself is partly responsible for the way scientific knowledge is used and the controls imposed on its production and distribution. The reason "why the scientific community has been so weak in resisting governmental incursions into free communication' is that "some have decided that outright conflict with those in power would be far too costly"

Rural Development and Human Rights in Independent India

The concept of rural development has undergone a drastic change since the fifties. The new stance of the state which appeared with the slogan of 'garibi hatao' is aimed at preventing the rural poor from further sliding into poverty with a further decline in their purchasing power This shift in strategy enables the ruling class to evolve programmes and policies which will appease selected fragments of the poor temporarily, and to divide them by offering specific relief measures to selected target groups and thus diffuses the rising upsurge of the rural masses. It is therefore, misguided to attribute the limitations of the rural development programme to a 'lack of political will', On the contrary, the 'political will of the ruling classes is strongly biased in favour of the propertied classes, and by its very logic will become increasingly more fierce in suppressing movements of the poor.

Growing Governmental Lawlessness

Growing 'Governmental Lawlessness' A R Desai RULERS of Independent India, since Indira Gandhi's regime and more particularly during the last year and a half of Rajiv Gandhi's regime, are sternly ordering the ordinary citizens of India that they should strictly observe the 'rule of law' and 'maintain order'. The Rulers proclaim that India is the youngest and largest democracy and, therefore, citizens should not only enjoy the rights given to them by the Constitution and by legislation but also perform their duties, without deviation, enjoined upon them to see that law and order' is not jeopardised. In fact the insistence of the rulers that citizens perform their duties has acquired greater intensity than the exercise of their rights by citizens. The rulers have introduced special amendments in the Constitution incorporating a new section on 'Duties of Citizens' and have also passed numerous laws, ordinances and even modifications in the sections proclaiming fundamental rights which have curbed and nullified some of the rights embodied in the Constitution. The rulers have acquired additional extraordinary powers to see that citizens maintain 'law and order'.

WORLD HUNGER- How Capitalism Starves 100 Million People

to advance further unsecured loans with no prospect of recovery. Unsecured loans outstanding amounted to Rs 70.13 lakh as on March 31, 1984, SIPCOT, This company was set up in 1971 as a wholly owned government company with the objectives of: (i) Implementation of a package of incentives for the benefit of entrepreneurs; (ii) development of potential growth centres in backward districts of the states and provision of developed lands to industries; and (iii) provision of finance to medium and major industries under the Industrial Development Bank of India's scheme for refinance. The Report noted that though the loan amounts sanctioned and disbursed are showing an increasing trend during the three-year period under review, the assistance to industries in backward areas is progressively decreasing. Non-receipt of applications for setting up industries in backward areas was attributed by the company as the reason for the fall in assistance to this sector. Further, the Report reveals that trading in surplus money had become the second largest source of income to the company next only to interest on term loans. Though huge cash surplus had been estimated and realised, share-capital assistance from the government had not been regulated properly. The funds which were allotted by the government for furtherance of industrial activity have been diverted for non-industrial purposes (deposits with banks).

Women s Movement in India An Assessment

THE UN declared in July 1975 the subsequent ten years as the International Women's Decade. This decade will be over in July 1985 when special conferences, one by the official representatives deputed by various countries and another comprising representatives selected by non-governmental women's organisations, will be held in Nairobi to assess the achievements and limitations of the women's movement during the decade and chalk out guidelines for the subsequent period.

Congress(I), Communist Parties and Communalism

Congress(I), Communist Parties and Communalism A R Desai THE recent developments in Assam, the Bhiwandi-Bombay complex in Maharashtra, Kashmir and Punjab and the astute use of teligion by the Congress(l) in the mass media, including reshaping the content of the educational and other socialising processes, have revealed the limitations of the Communist Parties of India in analysing the use of religion made by the Congress Party to subserve the interest of the bourgeoisie in India. The brief note "Congress (1) and Communalism" (EPW, July 7) has very rightly raised the crucial issue.

GUJARAT- College Teachers Protest

 utilised. A high level team went to the Soviet Union a couple of months ago to discuss areas of economic co-operation and complementarity. The team had to tell the Soviet officials the problems involved in this. They suggested that the Soviet side should outline to them specific lines of assistance where the outstanding credits might he utilised. It was agreed that the Soviet side will draw up a list of supplies and services which might he of interest to India, especially in the technological and engineering fields and send it within three weeks. Nothing further has been heard from the Soviet side in this connection.

The Gujarat Struggle and Its Vilifiers

deficit budgets and the recurring demand for Central grants. On January 18 last, the Haryana Assembly had approved the government's bill to double the court fees. The measure, which the Revenue Minister said would affect only the propertied classes, is expected to net an additional Rs 35 lakhs from registration and Rs 3 lakhs from copying fees. Since the expenses on establishment have soared during the last two or three years, it is doubtful whether even the sizeable yield from the new tax package would help the state to shake off its economic stagnation of the past three years. , Meanwhile, there has been in recent weeks a new political development
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