ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Women s Employment and Organisation Modes

Modes Pushpa Sundar While the need for more part-time jobs or the scope for self-employment may not be denied, it is arguable whether part-time home-based self-employment is what is best for women and what they themselves would prefer. Does home-based production lead to maximisation of output and income and therefore improvement in the economic condition of women? Does it contribute to improving their social status? If not, what is the best mode of organising economic activity for women? And is this alternative feasible in practice? Are there any intermediary solutions?

Characteristics of Female Employment-Implications of Research and Policy

Implications of Research and Policy Pushpa Sundar While it is now generally conceded that growth in itself will not necessarily ensure that its benefits will 'trickle down' to the poorest and the weakest, it is not equally appreciated that policies to reduce unemployment and promote expansion of employment opportunities in themselves do not necessarily lead to an improvement in female employment. However it is still not considered relevant to consider female employment as a separate and specific category despite the fact that the 9 crore women workers in India constitute 33 per cent of the total workforce and their share of unemployment (40 per cent) is higher than their share in the labour force.

GUJARAT-Kadana Project Exercise in Area Development

GUJARAT Kadana Project: Exercise in Area Development Pushpa Sundar WHAT makes the Kadana Project on the Mahi river in Gujarat noteworthy is that it represents a macro approach to the development of an area, viewing provision of irrigation, supply of fertilisers, road building, setting up of agro industries, etc, as part of an integrated and concurrent development plan. To quote a government report on Kadana: "By the time Kadana water becomes available to the Mahi Canal system, all the arrangements should be made so as to transmit water down to the farthest field and agriculturist prepared to receive water and make its optimum use by resorting to more remunerative cropping patterns subject to the limitations of land and water. It has also to-be ensured that the agriculturists get credit facilities for applying the optimum dosage of the right type of manures and that they put in necessary efforts for improvements and preparation of lands and that they resort to mechanised agriculture to the extent possible. Also feeder roads would Deed to be provided and marketing facilities improved." SECOND PHASE The construction of a dam and storage reservoir at Kadana in the Luna- wada taluka of Panchmahals district, with a direct channel on the left bank, is the second phase of the project. The first stage, which is over, began in 1954 and was completed in 1959 but progress on the distribution system was slow due to lack of funds, delay in construction of water courses and channels and lack of assured water uspply.
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