ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Long-Term Population Projections for Major States, 1991-2101

The authors decompose the prospective population growth in 16 major states between 1991 and 2101 into three components to estimate the contribution of each of them individually. The decomposition of population growth in different states seeks to estimate the impact of growth momentum built into the age distribution of population and the share of prospective growth attributable to (a) the unmet need for family planning and (b) high wanted fertility.

Demographics of Ageing in India

The continuing population growth in India during the past 50 years has been accompanied by a marked increase in the number of persons aged 60 and above. The simultaneous urbanisation and the spread of individualism have led to a widespread concern about the living conditions of the aged population. The possible role of state-sponsored or non-familial sources of support to enable them to live with self-respect and without undue hardship needs to be explored. The ministry of social welfare has set up an expert group for a review of the relevant facts and possible policies. This paper attempts to present a comprehensive review of the available data on the subject and highlights the difficulties in obtaining precise estimates of the number of the aged and of their actual needs. It also presents a summary of the key results of two large surveys conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) during 1987-88 and 1995-96.

National Family Health Survey: A Landmark in Indian Surveys

What is the rationale for conducting surveys like the National Family Health Survey when there are already available reliable data sets from the census and the sample registration system which provide wellacknowledged data-base for planning and policy making? In this paper a brief examination of the data from the other surveys and their particular limitations precedes an overview of the NFHS, specifically designed to provide the information that social scientists need, and the nature and quality of the data it has generated.

Demographic Transition-Accelerating Fertility Decline in 1980s

Accelerating Fertility Decline in 1980s Pravin Visaria Leela Visaria Recent population data suggest that there has been a clear decline infertility almost throughout the country together with a continuing decline in mortality rates. This article highlights interesting developments in the Indian demographic scene in the last two decades focusing on changes in processes relevant to demographic transition, particularly fertility decline.

Legacy of D T Lakdawala

Pravin Visaria Lakdawala's tireless devotion to work put to shame many younger academics. His life, writings and speeches hold many lessons for raising the quality of education and research in economics and other social sciences.

Evolving an Employment Policy for the 1990s-What Do the Data Tell Us

What Do the Data Tell Us? Pravin Visaria B S Minhas The National Sample Survey is a much better source of data on unemployment than the information gathered from employment exchanges. The quinquennial surveys of 1972-73, 1977-78, 1983 and 1987-88 have provided valuable independent data on the sectoral pattern and the pace of change in employment and unemployment.

Level and Nature of Work Participation by Sex, Age and Marital Status in India, 1961

Age and Marital Status in India, 1961 Pravin Visaria All the Indian five-year plans have assigned high priority to the creation of adequate employment opportunities to prevent an increase in the quantum of prevailing unemployment and underemployment. To quantify the implications of this objective, it is necessary to obtain reasonably good estimates of the labour force participation rates or the proportion of people who work or seek work. If these rates are available by sex and age, it becomes possible to calculate the number of new entrants into and withdrawals from the labour force.

CAPITAL VIEW

Unions in Bengal, 1920-1924 Sonat Bose Barring a few exceptions, in most cases the labour movement in Bengal spontaneously emerged as an inevitable manifestation of class struggle, a phenomenon about which the political leaders participate ing in the labour movement did not have a clear idea.

Trends in Rural Unemployment in India-Two Comment

January 29, 1977 Trends in Rural Unemployment in India Two Comments Pravin Visaria THIS note seeks to re-examine some of the empirical data presented by K N Raj in his interesting analysis of "Trends in Rural Unemployment in XI, Nos 31-33), August 1976, and his Presidential Address to the 18th-19th All-India Labour Economics Conference held at Patiala during September 27- 29, 1976 in which he has dwelt on ''Unemployment and Structural Changes in Indian Rural Society" (Mainstream, Vol XV, No 7, October 16,

Recent Trends in Indian Population Policy

Pravin Visaria An early decline in fertility is certainly a top priority national goal. Development and a vigorous family planning programme are complements and not substitutes for achieving this goal.

Employment Planning for the Weaker Sections in Rural India

in Rural India Since the Approach to the Fifth Plan anticipates that the additional wane-employment will fall short of the estimated increase in labour force and envisages agriculture as the residual employment sector to absorb the increments to the labour force, public rural works will have to form an important component of the employment generating activities during the Plan period.

Provisional Population Totals of the 1971 Census-Some Questions and Research Issues

Some Questions and Research Issues Pravin Visaria The provisional population totals of the 1971 census of India have shown population to he about 22 per cent or 14 million less than the official projection.

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