ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Pratap S BirthalSubscribe to Pratap S Birthal

Livestock for Higher, Sustainable and Inclusive Agricultural Growth

Diversification of the agricultural production portfolio to include livestock is an effective way of accelerating agricultural growth and reducing rural poverty. This paper now assesses the situation in India where livestock now accounts for a larger share of the value of agricultural output than foodgrains. It also discusses the technological, institutional and policy options to harness the untapped potential of this sector at a time the demand for animal food products, driven by sustained economic and income growth and an expanding urban opulation, continues to rise both domestically and globally.

Agriculture Diversification in South Asia

South Asian countries are gradually diversifying with some inter-country variation in favour of high value commodities, namely, fruits, vegetables, livestock and fisheries. Agricultural diversification is strongly influenced by price policy, infrastructure development (especially markets and roads), urbanisation and technological improvements. Rainfed areas have benefited more as a result of agricultural diversification in favour of high value crops by substituting inferior coarse cereals. Agricultural diversification is also contributing to employment opportunities in agriculture and increasing exports. The need is to suitably integrate production and marketing of high value commodities through appropriate institutions. Market reforms in developing and strengthening desired institutions through required legal changes would go a long way in boosting agricultural growth, augmenting income of small farm holders and promoting exports.

Contributions of Agricultural Research

Agricultural research, over the last five decades has contributed significantly to higher productivity and expansion of area under cultivation.

Impact of Agricultural Research

Agricultural research in India has been thus far the domain of the public sector. The large number of improved technologies developed have contributed significantly to higher growth in the agricultural and non-agricultural sector. Report of workshop of impact of research investment in agriculture.
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