ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Kenya Asians Apportioning the Blame

 speculators invariably received profits, and large and small hedgers incurred losses. The only exceptions appear to be the groundnut kernels market of Jamnagar where the large traders lost on their long position and gained on their short position, and the black pepper market at Cochin where the small traders lost on their long position.

The Disowned

 Statesman's man in western India, S Viswam, suggested (May 23), that "Bhiwandi and Jalgaon are only the nemesis that overtook those who permitted the poison [of "aggressive communal forces"] to spread because it suited their political interests''. He placed the onus of responsibility squarely on the Naik Government which "failed to anticipate that temporary political gains would lead to permanent social separatism and an entrenchment of divisive forces". For example, "did the Congress have to become so morally obliged to the Shiv Sena [for support in the 1966-67 elections in North Bombay] that it had to turn a blind eye to the anti-Muslim postures of that fanatical group? Or soft-pedal every charge made against it [the Sena] to such an extent as to give the unmistakable impression of an unholy alliance' with it?" Apart from the Naik Ministry's "encouragement" of the Shiv Sena, another contributory factor was the "inadequacy of the Government's intelligence services". If Bhiwandi has any lesson for Maharashtra, concluded the writer, "it is that it is wiser to anticipate rather than react to communal violence".

From Protest to Participation

panchayat arc recorded on official papers and others are not to avoid the legal complications. Practically all the traditional distinctions among the Caste/ Tribe Councils, Village Council and the gram panchayat have disappeared and now every assembly in the village necessarily includes these members who discuss the matters again in a democratic way and take decisions on & consensus basis in the light of customary laws. This body is hailed by all since it does all the jobs for them in the traditional way as well as in the light of the customary laws.

Twenty-Year-Old NATO

 University Press, 1968, chapters 2 See V K S Nayar: 'Communal Interest Groups in Kerala", in Donald Eugene Smith (Editor) : "South Asian Politics and Religion", Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1966, pp 176-190. Sec also Lloyd I Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph: 'The Modernity of Tradition: Political Development in India", University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1967, pp 71-76 for an analysis of Kerala politics that helps to explain this pattern of allocation.
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