ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Knowledge Enigma-Copyright in the Third World

Knowledge Enigma Copyright in the Third World Philip G Altbach Copyright has an impact on how knowledge is distributed, who controls it and on the development of the publishing industry. International copyright is a key concern in Third World nations because they use knowledge from abroad and are generally dependent on foreign books. Historically these nations mainly inherited the European approach to copyright since most of the copyright laws were patterned on the colonial regulations which were in place at the time of independence

UNITED STATES-The Fiscal Muddle

that, " .. it is advisable to seek legal advice on this 'emergency control plan' so that in the event of this plan falling into the hands of unscrupulous people, it is not used against the Company?' Saraf feels that priority should be accorded to 'legal safety' of the Company as against 'human safety'. He is very forthright and blunt in his paper and takes anthropologists to task, "... safety like everything else must be bought at a price. The more we spend on safety, the less we have with which to fight poverty and disease or to spend on those goods and services that make life worth living for ourselves and others." The paper further advises that, ". . . there is nothing humanitarian in spending lavishly to reduce a particular hazard!' UNITED STATES The Fiscal Muddle Philip G Altbach THE United States is in the midst of the most far-reaching series of changes in tax policies in several decades. This fiscal juggling is combined with efforts to balance the federal government's budget with the Gramrn-Rudman law (which mandates automatic reduction in most federal fiscal outlaysalthough to add to the confusion, portions of the law have been declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court). In addition, the balance of payments problem continues to bedevil the economy (even the recent 30 per cent decline in the value of the US dollar against the Japanese yen has not boosted American exports significantly and the deficit grows). Economic issues arc at the top of the national agenda and have taken up much of the attention of the Congress in recent months. The legislators have just returned from their Independence Day holiday to grapple with the complex issue of tax revision.

International Academic Trafficking

ECONOMIC AND POLITICAI. WEEKLY book are interesting, the book suffers from a lack of proper handling of statistical tools. Percentages and percentage points are confused throughout the book, and as a result, sometimes erroneous inferences are drawn. For example, while discussing the 1961 Census data for Tamil Nadu, it is stated that the difference in literacy between Harijans and non-Harijans "reaches about 27 per cent" among males and it "is much less in the case of females''

How Not to Study Students

livity introduced by the community development block had become a success story. That was the work done by the Mahila Mandal

Neocolonialism and Indian Publishing

sent visit to the State has political significance and may portend changes in the State politics in the coming months. It is no secret that this time Indira Gandhi appointed Sanjivayya party President without consulting, or even sounding, Brahmananda Reddi, The Prime Minister also unceremoniously turned down Brahmananda Reddi's proposal to hold elections to the State Assembly in May 1971. In fact she did not even allow the proposal to come up for discussion at the party's central parliamentary board meeting in March. Acting in the same vein, at the time of Central Cabinet formation she refused to grant Brahmananda Reddi an audience to press his request for the inclusion of his lieutenant, M T Raju, a big landlord and former Chief Secretary to the State Government, in the Cabinet as a deputy minister.

More Philosophy than Science

content. That would only have been the truth but it was in the British interest that just the opposite should have been stated in public. It is difficult to understand why Minto regarded the partition of Bengal as a settled fact and it is intriguing that, like Curzon, he was blind to the depth and extent of the opposition to partition unless one grants that it was a grievous in- capacity to face facts. It is an eloquent commentary on the refusal, of both Curzon and Minto to enter into a working relationship with Indian public opinion that the next viceroy, Hardinge, almost began by reversing the partition.

Untrained Academic Leadership

on the Golan Heights in Syria, Jansen concludes that the six-day war "shrinks to a series of skirmishes barely adding up to one fair-sized battle". After winning control of the air, the Israelis had "performed the notable military feat of fighting their way out of a wet paper bag".

PRAGUE-The Student Barometer

February 22, 1969 of INTUC to recognition and over- representation in official bodies, long challenged by the Left trade unions, has been demonstrated to be utterly hollow. And once it loses State patronage under the new regime, whatever hold it really has over the working class is bound to suffer a serious setback.

Crisis in the Japanese University

Crisis in the Japanese University Philip G Altbach WITH world interest focused on student revolts in Paris, Berlin, and New York, little attention has been given to one of the most serious educational explosions in the current scries of crises

America s Changing University

ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEJEKLY America's Changing University Philip G Altbach The Academic Revolution by Christopher Jencks and David Riesman; Garden City, New York, Doubleday, 1968, pp 580, price $ 10.00.

Decisions without Facts

Decisions without Facts Philip G Altbach ONE crucial area of Indian planning which is curiously lacking in research is that of higher education. While it is almost universally acknowledged that the university is a key element in the development of India's social and economic structure, very little is known about the Indian university as an institution, and even less about the individuals who inhabit the universities

Student Revolt in Europe

Student Revolt in Europe Philip G Altbach UNTIL recently student activism and unrest were thought of as characteristic of the developing areas. The industrially advanced nations, with their stable political systems and large university populations, it was alleged, had remained free of student involvement in politics. While students might overturn trams and engage in "indiscipline" in Calcutta,, and riot in Tokyo, New York and Moscow, Paris and London had remained free of student activism. Starting in 1964 with the Berkeley student revolt, and underlined by recent student demonstrations in Rome, Berlin, and Warsaw, students in the advanced nations have been capturing newspaper headlines with demonstrations and unrest.

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