ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rational Energy Strategies

Rational Energy Strategies GLANCING through environmentalist literature (a plethora of which is coming out nowadays) one is struck by the extreme negativity and pessimism which characterises most of them. In contrast this book is a welcome change. As the authors note "Our work is only a preliminary effort to work out the'implications of the new approach. Many other efforts are needed. The joy in this endeavour comes from the feeling of being harbingers of hope rather than prophets of doom." For policy makers in particular the book is extremely valuable not only in terms of the diverse information that it provides but also because of the realistic poljcies that it proposes.

Commercialisation of Common Property Resources-Kusnur Satyagraha

Thousands of acres of forest land in Karnataka have been handed over to a joint sector project, Karnataka Pulpwood, for cultivation of eucalyptus to be used as raw material by the Birla-owned Harihar Poly fibres, A widespread movement is emerging today in protest against the state's forest policy and the increasing commercialisation of common resources.

Movement towards Workers Democracy-Solidarity in Poland

majority of the primary commodities. Thus any built-in tendency of the multi-commodity stockpile to entail persistent transfer of real income from imposing to exporting nations may bring net loss to less developed countries as well. This would resut in the withdrawal of participation even by less developed countries, thus leading to the collapse of the system.

Movement towards Workers Democracy-Solidarity in Poland

Solidarity in Poland Amrita Chhachhi Ravi Arvind Palat Paul Kurian The struggle by the working class in Poland, of which there have been three earlier manifesto' tions (1956, 1970-71 and 1976), is located in problems which originate in the specific form in which pro- duction is organised. The control exercised by the bureaucracy over production, distribution and con- sumption puts fetters on rapid economic progress. It is in the context of the background of the battle at the shopfloor and factory level, between the drive to increase production and the workers' resistance to it, that one can situate the emergence of Solidarity;and the imposition of martial law represents the culmination of the experiences gained currently and over the three earlier cycles of struggle.

LABOUR-New Phase in Textile Unionism

Textile unionism has been, like unionism in the railways and coal mines in India, industrial unionism, characterised by long drawn out general strikes. Today, as Bombay textile workers have entered into a seemingly indefinite strike, they do so in the context of fundamental changes which have occurred in the last 20 years in the industry; changes which could transform the nature of textile unionism. From the 1918 general strike, which covered 80 mills and involved one lakh and forty thousand workers, up to the present, Bombay textile workers have launched industrial actions which have drawn together workers from the whole industry. These strikes have thrown up different forms of organisations like the Girni Kamgar Union and the mill committees; which were formed as a result of the general strikes of 1924-25 and the six-month long struggle of 1928. These represented the coalescence of two tendencies

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