ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Contract Farming Assessment

Contract Farming System in Punjab: An Appraisal by B K Pattanaik, Kesar Singh, Sukhwinder Singh and Madan Mohan Singh

Contract Farming through Agribusiness Firms and State Corporation

In order to overcome declining productivity and falling farm incomes in Punjab, the Johl Committee recommended that contract farming be undertaken to reduce costs and provide farmers with better inputs and technical know-how, thereby increasing agricultural yield. This paper compares direct contracts with agribusiness firms and indirect contracts with these firms through the state. Direct contract farming is observed to operate effectively, with positive outcomes for the farmers irrespective of the farm size. Indirect contracts seem to favour only those farmers with larger farms, who do not benefit as much as direct contract farmers.

Determinants of Capital Formation and Agriculture Growth

This paper estimates a simultaneous equation model using private and public sector capital formation and GDP agriculture as independent variables to find out the determinants of capital formation and their impact on GDP agriculture. The rate of return on private investments, which in turn depends on the terms of trade and technology, is found to be the most important determinant of private capital formation. There is an asymmetry in the effect of public investment on private investment: an increase in public investment definitely induces a rise in private investment, while a decline forces farmers to cope with its adverse impact, again by increasing private investment.

ELECTIONS-Why Do Voters Not Vote

December 22-29, 1979 ELECTIONS Why Do Voters Not Vote? A K Baruah Parmod Kumar N a parliamentary democracy it is assumed that the elected representa- ives would work for the interest of he majority of the members of their constituencies since a failure to do so nay lead to their defeat, in the next lection. But the actual functioning of parliamentary democracy in India suggests that such an assumption is lot valid.

Participant Perceptions in a Communal Riot

Participant Perceptions in a Communal Riot Parmod Kumar THIS note is based on a study conducted in 1977 in the Sadar Bazar- area of Delhi with a view to investigating the socio-economic background of the participants in a communal riot that took place in Sadar Bazar three years previously, in May 1974. Its purpose was to understand the ideological orientation of the participants and their perception of the immediate and root causes of the riot. For this purpose preliminary information regarding the participants was gathered from different sources such as police, political parties and the residents in the area. This was done to ensure the reliability of information through cross-checking and verifying of the information "provided by different sources. It was interesting to note that a good number of upper middle class participants were left out by the police whereas information about them was provided by the political parties and the residents of the area. It was further confirmed by the participants themselves who freely provided the information because of the assurance of complete anonymity. Altogether, 30 participants were interviewed.
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