ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by P Vigneswara IlavarasanSubscribe to P Vigneswara Ilavarasan

To Patent or Not?

India has undertaken many regulatory and legislative reforms to promote innovation and patent protection by universities and academic institutions. To achieve this broader policy objective, it is crucial to identify factors and motivations that drive academic researchers to file patent applications. We provide an empirical estimation of the extent to which patenting by academic institutions in India is affected by factors like institutional policy frameworks, departmental differences, and individual researchers’ characteristics. Using the Heckprobit estimation method and zero-inflated binary outcome techniques, we find that the absence of supportive institutional infrastructure, coupled with making patents a mandatory criterion for career advancement, results in low patent application probability and intensity.

White Elephant or a Game Changer?

The National Optical Fibre Network is being implemented largely by public sector organisations in the country. NOFN will connect 2,50,000 gram panchayats. It aims to deliver information and communication technology-based goods and services to the rural households by private service providers by December 2016. Despite support from the top political leaders, the project is delayed by more than two years by bureaucratic hurdles and lack of excitement on the part of the private players. The pilot implementation of the project was able to connect only the government offices. This paper suggests that the absorptive capacity needs to be developed and private players require aggressive goading, but without ignoring the idea of social inclusion. There should be a sustained political support till the final implementation of the project, with large impetus coming from the government in the initial phases.

Executing Arms or Equal Partners?

Based on a triangulation of methods, this paper attempts to capture the nature of research and development centres of information and communication technology multinational enterprises in India, and their linkages with the local science and technology system. The findings indicate that the R&D landscape is equally divided into centre-for-globals, executing arms of the global headquarters, and local-for-globals, equal partners in technological collaborations. The linkage between R&D centres and local actors appears to be weak. The knowledge spillovers are enabled by the circulation of labour pool in the industry. Based on this study, the paper offers some policy suggestions.

The IT/ITES Sector and Economic Policy at the Sub-national Level in India

Information Technology and Information Technology Enabled Services firms in India are exploring greenfield sites in the country to mitigate rising wages, high staff turnover, and crumbling infrastructure in the established industrial clusters. This has opened a window of opportunity for secondary urban centres or second-tier cities. Eager to capitalise on the benefits that the IT/ITES sector can bring, sub-national governments are moving to position themselves to attract this investment. This article argues that effective policymaking must be based on an understanding of the locational drivers of the IT/ITES sector, the specific needs of different industry "clusters", as well as the policy options open to sub-national governments.

Impact of Technological Lock-in: Case of ooxml in India

Users of software for word processing, spreadsheets and presentations could find themselves experiencing technological lock-in if the Office Open Extensible Markup Language is adopted as another open standard. Some of the detrimental effects of such a lock-in are increased costs of technology access, dependency on a single vendor and restricted user choices.

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