ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

P V SrinivasanSubscribe to P V Srinivasan

Agriculture: Policy Issues

Indian Agricultural Policy at the Crossroads: Priorities and Agenda, edited by S S Acharya and D P Chaudhri, Rawat Publications, Jaipur, 2001; P V SRINIVASAN It is time to take stock of the developments in Indian agriculture and see where we stand and how to proceed further. We are indeed at the

Taking the PDS to the Poor: Directions for Further Reform

This paper examines the costs and benefits associated with the operation of the Public Distribution System (PDS) for foodgrains in India. It illustrates through counterfactual simulations how the benefit-cost ratio for the PDS increases when subsidies are targeted at the poor and indirect benefits are accounted for, even in a scenario where PDS grain is procured at market prices. However, administration of directly targeted PDS is difficult and can lead to the error of excluding the poor. The paper therefore examines the inefficiencies in the system, comparing costs of public storage and distribution operations with those of private agents and discusses how the rising government costs can be curtailed by making administration more efficient and relying on market forces for spatial distribution of grain. Finally, it discusses the issues involved in the targeting of PDS to the poor and examines the potential for geographic targeting.

Linking Indian Census with National Sample Survey

The Indian census provides the longest time-series on social and economic change in India and is a rich source of information on demographic variables. However the census does not include individual/household consumption and expenditure data, making its use in district-level policy analysis difficult. One way around the problem is to import this information from other sources, such as the National Sample Survey (NSS). Although the NSS does not sample every district in the country the sample sizes are reasonably large at the level of the NSS region. This opens up the possibility of using these estimates of consumption and poverty in conjunction with the census. This paper documents how a consistent time-series can be constructed for the two most recent censuses as a particular illustration of how the census and the NSS can be used together.

Economic Reforms and Agricultural Policy

(5) The proposed TRIPS prevents the grant of compulsory licences in the public interest. (6) Under TRIPS no ceiling can be placed on royalty demanded on patents like in the Indian Patent Act.

Excess Capacities in Indian Industries-Supply or Demand Determined

Supply or Demand Determined? P V Srinivasan In this study, we try to identify for different industries whether the presence of excess capacities is due to a demand or a supply constraint. Results based on our analysis indicate that most of the industries that we consider are demand constrained, although the estimated slack/shortage has not been uniform over the years. It is, however, possible that the lack of demand could have been generated by some supply constraints such as inadequate industrial infrastructure.

Who Pays More-Case of Excise Duties in India

Who Pays More? Case of Excise Duties in India Shikha Jha P V Srinivasan How progressive is the revenue collected from different commodity taxes (excise duties) in India? This paper examines this issue based on the distribution of consumption expenditure. It also analyses how the incidence of tax on different expenditure groups is influenced by the commodity tax structure.

Indirect Taxes in India-An Incidence Analysis

An Incidence Analysis Shikha Jha P V Srinivasan This paper seeks to provide an evaluation of the indirect tax structure in terms of, inter alia, its redistributive effects or incidence. A knowledge of these effects is necessary to assess the implications of the indirect tax reform through the introduction of the modified value added tax or 'MODVAT'.
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