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Kashmir behind the Propaganda Curtain

IMF has come forth with what may be characterised as its post-election agenda for India. Though the so-called reform process has admittedly slowed down because of political uncertainties and democratic constraints, the IMF is obviously sanguine that it will make further headway and has prescribed extension of the reforms to agriculture, the labour market and public enterprises on which, according to IMF's assessment, "little has been done" so far.

Armed Forces and Rule of Law

quired, more so, if perennial crops are cultivated. No labour need to be employed for the application of fertilisers, for removing weeds, etc. The brochures of the drip irrigation systems sold by the Indian companies, in fact, cite this as the major advantage. It may also be noted that the large investments required for its adoption, unless heavily subsidised by the state, would be beyond the capacity of the small and marginal farmers

Protection of Human Rights-One More Ornamental Commission

The near-fatal flaw in tlie ordinance setting up the Human Rights Commission is that the military and paramilitary forces have been virtually excluded from the purview of the commission. That apart, unless there is firm commitment to human rights on the part of its members, the commission will become one more ornamental body like the three other commissions for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, minorities and women.

People s Commission Report on Bombay Riots

It is remarkable how similar have been the views projected by the Maharashtra government and Hindu communalist forces on the riots which devastated Bombay city in January last. The report of the independent tribunal constituted by the Indian People's Human Rights Commission has therefore come as a breath of fresh air The tribunal's enquiry has also served to successfully assert the right of citizens to enquire into matters of public importance irrespective of the appointment of a commission of enquiry by the government.

Cauvery Water Dispute and State Violence

State Violence P A Sebastian The interim award of the Cauvery Water Tribunal was followed by large-scale disturbances in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu leading to loss of life and property. A report on the inquiry into these incidents conducted by the Indian People's Human Rights Commission.

Amnesty Report on Custodial Abuses

counter proposal of a walled corridor along the TIFR wall which would keep the traditional access as well as meet the navy's 'security hazard' concern. What the meeting did achieve was an assurance that till the defence ministry decided on NHSS' counter proposal, the traditional access over the navy's football field would not be blocked.

Beautifying Bombay at Cost of Poor

hatchetmen, D K Samara Simha Reddy, K Rosiah, R Chenga Reddy, Uma Venkatram Reddy and Damodar Reddy the chief minister appears to have come to terms with his political opponent as his mentor Rajiv Gandhi is no more. The inclusion of P V Ranga Rao is a foregone conclusion considering the support the chief minister receives from the prime minister Tor his political survival. A new group under Vijayabhaskara Reddy which so far had not been 'recognised' is awarded plum posts. With this he appears to have swung back to political centrestage after the party under his leadership had faced a disastrous defeat at the hands of Telugu Desam eight years ago. The boycott of the swearing-in ceremony of the new ministry by the PCC(I) chief V Hanumantha Rao, a BC leader, indicates the general disenchantment of the weaker sections with the new set-up.

Decay of Parliamentary Institutions in India

Decay of Parliamentary Institutions in India P A Sebastian A journalist's report on corruption in the secretariat of the Maharashtra legislature has been held to be a breach of privilege which lowers the prestige of the legislature. The episode is indicative of the rapidly deteriorating state of institutions of parliamentary democracy

Upholding Ideology of Male Domination

Bajpayee and A R Mallu, all Gandhi's emissaries this time, who had earlier held discussion with the legislators right in the Raj Bhawan told them at the CLP meeting that "S N Sinha was the nominee of the high command" and "you have to accept him as fait accompli". Jagannath Mishra also advised the members to honour the wishes of the high command, since the main demand for removal of Azad had been conceded. Azad then proposed Sinha's name as the new leader of the CLP. No other proposal naturally was put forward and the 'unanimous' election at the "orders of Rajiv Gandhi'' was over It would be pertinent to point out at this stage that since an overwhelming majority, 140 out of the total of 189 Con- gress(I) MLAs had demanded Azad's ouster as early as in January Azad should himself have resigned the moment it became known that he did not enjoy the majority support in the CLP. In such a situation, going by the constitutional provisions and requirements of parliamentary democracy, a simple meeting of the CLP was all that was needed to elect a new leader. But, the Congress(I) style of democracy does not permit these democratic practices.

Khomeinis Fatwa

cannot absolve the drug of its hazards. It is unethical and wrong on the part of manufacturer to use the findings of this study selectively to promote the drug. The World Health Assembly resolution adopted and recommended for the member nations states that: All advertising of a drug should be truthful and reliable. It must not contain incorrect statement, half truths or un verifiable assertions about the contents, effects (therapeutics as well as toxic) or indications of the drug or pharmaceuticals specially concerned. The IFPMA Code of Pharmaceutical Marketing Practices instructs industry: To base claims for substances and formula- tions on valid scientific evidence. The information should be available and based on an up-to-date evaluation of all scientific evidence and should reflect this evidence. All these well-meaning resolutions and clauses in the codes of ethics appear to be an eyewash when one compares them with the facts prevalent in the country. In India Novalgin is recommended for "all types of pain". The promotional leaflet of Novalgin syrup states: "when a child has fever use New Novalgin Syrup". This and other numerous statements in the promotional material are in total contravention of all existing codes of ethics for marketing of drugs.

Violations of Human Rights-A Bird s-Eye View

giving rise to deflationary fears (Table 2). The value of the rupee seems to move only one way, down. Continuing the downslide during October the rupee value depreciated by about 9 per cent against yen, by about 7 per cent against pound sterling, around 8 per cent against DM TRUTH is always seen at an angle. Amnesty International Report 1988 has been prepared from the point of view of the human rights violations simpliciter. It makes no value judgment. Nevertheless, it presents a bird's-eye view of the human rights situation all over the world which is truly a commendable and valuable contribution.

The State and the Police

P A Sebastian Several recent episodes concerning the police in every state point to this grave deterioration and degeneration of the force. These actions are really indicators of the health of the state.


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