ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

P Satya SekharSubscribe to P Satya Sekhar

Agricultural Growth: Pattern and Prospects

This paper examines the pattern of development of Andhra Pradesh agriculture and suggests a perspective for the first decade of the 21st century. The growth of agriculture since the mid-1950s is reviewed in terms of production, total factor productivity, expansion of irrigation, investment in agriculture and rise in fertiliser use. The growth potential of the sector is then analysed by examining the scope for increasing net area sown and yields of various crops. Also discussed is the strategy needed in the different agro-climatic regions of the state.

Levels of Morbidity in Andhra Pradesh

P Satya Sekhar The morbidity picture of a population provides a more realistic picture of health status than only the mortality pattern. It is however more difficult to capture. Using NSSO data this article attempts to study the incidence of morbidity in Andhra Pradesh by ailments treated by public and private health care providers, by regions, by gender and type of ailments.

Utilisation of Health Services

Utilisation of Health Services P Satya Sekhar BRIJESH C PUROHIT and Tasleem A Siddiqui (henceforth P and S) 'Utilisation of Health Services in india', EPW, April 30, 1994) analysed the information on NSSO (1986-87) and NCAER (1990) surveys on the relative levels of utilisation of health facilities, both all-India and across states. I would begin by pointing out that the methodological anomaly of comparing the NSSO survey and NCAER study which are non-comparable. The NSSO study provides data only on the incidence of morbidity whereas the NCAER study covers prevalence of morbidity, and it is well documented in literature that the prevalence rates are significantly higher than the incidence rates. Further, the NCAER study was a one-time study (two weeks prior to the date of interview during May-June 1990) and unlike the NSSO study, it did not consider the possibility of any seasonal variations in the reporting of morbidity levels, Hence the P and S findings of (a) higher preference for indigenous medicine (specifically homoeopathy system) in the NCAER study as compared to a low percentage (below 2 per cent) of the NSSO survey and (b) the low average cost of treatment per illness episode in the NCAER study (which remained around one-fourth of comparable figure from that of NSSO survey) are questionable.

Population and Agricultural Growth-A Study in Inter-Regional Variations

A Study in Inter-Regional Variations N Krishnaji P Satya Sekhar The Indian experience of the two decades, 1961-81, offers some scope for analysis of the interrelationships between the components of population growth and the characteristics of agrarian change. A dramatic improve- ment has taken place during this period in technology and productivity in some parts of the country even as other regions have demonstrably stagnated. Did the prosperous regions experience higher rates of population growth, either through higher rates of natural increase or through immigration? What is the demographic picture of areas of stagnation and decline: Are they marked by high rates of mortality and out-migration? One can ask similar questions about the extent to which population pressure has led to land or labour intensification in areas ex- periencing drastic declines in land-man ratio. This paper is concerned with these Questions.
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