ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Guiding the Evaluators

Principles of Evaluation: A Manual, Directorate of Evaluation and Manpower Planning and Social Welfare Department, Government of Mysore, 1969; pp xi + 192, "PRINCIPLES of Evaluation: A Manual", brought out by the Government of Mysore, is an addition to the literature on plan evaluation. The object of the publication is to lay down guidelines for the functioning of the Directorate of Evaluation. The Working Group on Evaluation in the States had emphasised the need for a manual on evaluation and had recommended that the Programme Evaluation Organisation (PEO) should address itself to the task.

Parties Necessary for Panchayati Raj

SHORTLY after its inception in 1952! it was realised that active public participation was necessary for the success of the community project movement, later recast into national extension and development blocks. Even after local representatives were associated in an advisory capacity, it was found that local initiative was still not aroused and institutions that would ensure continuous improvement of social and economic conditions in rural areas were still lacking. The Balwantray Mehta Committee examined the working of the movement and recommended a three-tier Panchayati Raj and reorganisation of district administration. Since the adoption of the Panchayati Raj resolution by AICC at its Bhavnagar session in 1961 most States have introduced Panchayati Raj.

Plan Formulation at Grass-Roots

Plan Formulation at Grass-Roots P N Dube PROFESSOR GADOIL has consistently argued for introduction of an clement of 'planning from the bottom' in the formulation of the Plans. This concept emphasises a wide diffusion of initiative, decision making and participation; it also implies a parallel shouldering of responsibilities. This democratic approach is necessary in view of the general agreement that planning so tar has not sufficiently taken into account the special circumstances prevailing in particular areas. Gadgil's two- phased approach would require that (i) exercises made at State and district level should start with collation of data on development resources, requirements and prospects so that the programmes are realistic enough to be achieved, and (ii) the details worked out for each programme should be aimed at justifying the place and priority of the programme in the Plan and should allow sufficient flexibility for improvement in the programme on the basis of subsequent experience and assessment of local requirements. This flexibility is all the more necessary in view of inadequacy of data at the national, State and district levels.

Plan Evaluation

Plan Evaluation P N Dube THE study group of the Administrative Reforms Commission on Centre-State relations has made out a strong case for evaluation of Plan projects and has proposed a full-fledged central evaluation agency in the Planning Commission. It has proposed a three tier set-up: (i) a central evaluation agency in the Planning Commission, (ii) evaluation cells in each ministry of the Union Government, and (iii) an evaluation organisation in each State as part of its Planning Department.

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