ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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On Cereal Consumption as a Proxy for Real Income

There is very little reliable information on indirect cereal consumption in India and a number of other developing countries. To, therefore, use such unreliable estimates to test for the links between total (direct and indirect) cereal consumption and income will lead to inaccurate results. This places a question mark on the exercise by Krishna Ram (EPW, 20 July 2013).

Feed, Seed and Wastage Rates

Grains are required for direct human consumption and for feed, seed, wastage and industrial uses. In the 1950s, the Ministry of Agriculture came up with a formula of 12.5% as the netting factor. Though this number has no relation to any of the four components, there has been no change in this magic figure over the last 60 years.

Farmers in Lease Market

Farmers in Lease Market P C BANSIL Based on an in-depth analysis of NSSO data of 1960-61 (17th round), round) and 1991-92 (48th round), round) and 1991-92 (48th round), C S Murty (EPW, July 17, 2004) comes to several conclusions.

Demand for Foodgrains by 2020

P C Bansil IN their recent paper 'Foodgrains Demand in India to 2020: A Preliminary Exercise', G S Bhalla and Peter Hazell (Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Agriculture, December 27, 1997) have projected feed and food demand for India till 2020 under different scenarios, They have added a few new dimensions to the discussion and analysed the data on the basis of comprehensive studies done at IFPRI. The authors have accepted that "in the past, cereal demand has not grown as rapidly in recent years as many experts had previously expected. In urban areas, per capita cereal consumption seems to have stabilised at about 135 kg per year, while it has actually declined in rural areas (from 185 kg to 175 kg per year) during the last two decades". We do not know the source of these numbers which according to NSSO estimates arc not only higher than the consumption pattern during 1993-94, but also during 1987 88 (Table I). The study is based on the elasticities for human consumption given in their Tabic 2, feed coefficients in their Table 4 and baseline (1990) availability estimates in column I of their Table 5. All these three assumptions call for comments.

Oilseeds Scenario Some Issues

Although efforts to increase productivity levels of traditional sources of supply of vegetable oils is welcome, this alone cannot bridge the ever increasing gap between supply and demand. Dependence on imports is risky because crop failure or other problems in the oil world may have serious repercussions on the domestic situation. The emphasis in the coming years should be on developing new sources, palm oil cultivation, minor oilseeds and the processing of by-products of agricultural crops.
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