ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

P BalachandraSubscribe to P Balachandra

Research and Development in Small Industry in Karnataka

This paper primarily probes the nature and dimensions of R and D activities carried out in small-scale industries in Karnataka. Quite a number of small firms are informally engaged in R and D in the region. External factors like competitive pressure, technological change and customer needs have driven most of these firms to undertake R and D to achieve quality improvement, cost efficiency and competitiveness. Thus 'incremental innovations' are the primary feature of R and D in small firms and they spend hardly 1 per cent of their turnover for R and D.

A Development-Focused End-Use-Oriented Electricity Scenario for Karnataka

Electricity Scenario for Karnataka Amulya Kumar IN Reddy Gladys D Sumithra P Balachandra Antonette D'Sa The recent efforts at electricity planning in Karnataka, in particular the May 1987 report of the Committee for preparing a 'Long Range Plan for Power Projects in Karnataka 1987-2000 AD' (LRPPP), are clear-cut examples of the failure of the conventional consumption-obsessed supply-biased approach to energy planning. This paper presents an alternative scenario for Karnataka's electricity sector on the basis of the development-focused end-use-oriented (DEFENDUS) paradigm.

A Development-Focused End-Use-Oriented Electricity Scenario for Karnataka

A Development-Focused End-Use-Oriented Electricity Scenario for Karnataka Amulya Kumar N Reddy Gladys D Sumithra P Balachandra Antoneite D'Sa The recent efforts at electricity planning in Karnataka, in particular the May 1987 report of the Committee for preparing a 'Long Range Plan for Power Projects in Karnataka 1987-2000 AD' (LRPPP), are clear-cut ex- amples of the failure of the conventional consumption-obsessed supply-biased approach to energy planning. This paper presents an alternative scenario for Karnataka's electricity sector on the basis of the development-focused end-use-oriented (DEFENDVS) paradigm.

Comparative Costs of Electricity Conservation-Centralised and Decentralised Electricity Generation

Amulya Kumar N Reddy Gladys D Sumithra P Balachandra Antonette d'Sa Energy planning, and the associated decision-making, requires choices between energy technologies. Thus far, these have been restricted to choices between supply options in particular, centralised energy technologies. But, this restriction to centralised sources is running into two major difficulties; (a) shortages of capital, and (b) popular opposition to the resulting local and global environmental degradation. Furthermore, what matters to a consumer of energy is not energy per se, but the services that energy provides. Hence, the true indicator of development is not the magnitude of energy used, but the level of energy services provided, It has, therefore, become essential to extend the list of options for energy decision-making so as to include both decentralised sources of supply, and energy efficiency improvements and other conservation options.
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