ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Oliver Vanden EyndeSubscribe to Oliver Vanden Eynde

Economic Determinants of the Maoist Conflict in India

India’s Maoist movement is often thought to be rooted in economic deprivation. A review of the emerging literature and descriptive evidence from a district-level data set on Maoist conflict indicates that the relationship between underdevelopment andMaoist activity cannot be explained in simple economic terms. At the state level, Maoistconflict-affected states have similar growth trends and do not score lower on development measures. In a cross section of districts, the most robust predictor of Maoist activity is forest cover, which could reflect the importance of strategic terrain factors as well as the relevance of forest rights and forest produce.
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