ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Nripendra Kishore MishraSubscribe to Nripendra Kishore Mishra

Conceptualising Women's Agency, Autonomy and Empowerment

Women's agency, autonomy and empowerment are widely used ideas in development literature. But there is substantial ambiguity in the conception of these ideas. While women's well-being and women's agency is sufficiently distinguished from each other, there seems to be a large overlap between agency and empowerment and between agency and autonomy. This paper attempts to examine the degree of empowerment and autonomy across different characteristics like place of residence, religion, caste, education, type of employment and wealth quintiles at the individual as well as the regional levels. A regional analysis shows that empowerment may not always lead to autonomy.
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