ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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NATO's Nuclear Posturing

The "strategic concept" adopted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation on 20 November 2010 is an unequivocal extension of the cold war era doctrine of nuclear deterrence that has promoted nuclear proliferation and has militated against disarmament. While paying lip service to the mantra of a world without nuclear weapons, the NATO has made it clear that the reliance on nuclear weapons in its strategy is almost absolute.

Averting Total Collapse: The NPT Review Conference

Considering the fact that the 2005 nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty conference was a failure, the 2010 conference can at least claim to have partially rehabilitated the non-proliferation mechanism of the treaty, however weak it may be, thus averting a collapse. But the overall lack of progress was so clear that the conference could at best only claim that it caught up with the positions of 1995 and 2000. It provided few specific guidelines, let alone timelines, to evaluate progress in 2015. There is a similar frustration about the lack of any time frame for nuclear disarmament by the Nuclear Weapon States, in spite of their declaration of commitment, which has become so routine and repetitive to instil any confidence.

Revisiting the Terrorism Discourse

The paradigm of the war on terror has erroneously and deliberately subsumed all forms of local, national and violent movements under the category of "global terrorism".

US-India Relations during the Cold War

the Cold War Ninan Koshy The United States and India: A History Through Archives explores the relationship of two states, the US and India during the onset of the cold war in the 1950s and 1960s. The narrative is provided by the declassified documents from the US. The editors acknowledge that the narrative is incomplete as they base the history solely on the US documents and the counterpart documents from the Indian side are still locked up under archaic Indian laws.

Palestine's New Partition

The US, the European Union, Israel and some Arab leaders are making every effort to prop up Fatah to combat Hamas. As a result, Palestine has been divided into two "mini-states" - the Hamas-controlled Gaza strip and the Fatah-controlled West Bank.

Iraq : Transfer of Sovereignty

The hastily contrived UN resolution 1546 on Iraq speaks of a 'fully sovereign' interim government. But for the foreseeable future Iraq will have very little of what has been traditionally considered 'sovereign'. Sovereignty in the democratic age has been associated with the consent of the naturally free and equal citizens living in a country. The new Iraqi entity, however, does not have supremacy over much and is extensively dominated by external control.

International Criminal Court and India

On December 26, 2003 the representatives of the US and Indian governments signed an agreement, which provides that neither country will surrender persons of the other country to any international tribunal without that country's express consent. The signing of this impunity agreement had more to do with a 'strategic partnership' with the US than India's own objections to the ICC.

New US Nuclear Doctrine

The details of the classified US Nuclear Posture Review which have appeared in the media point to a perpetuation rather than a break with the cold war logic on nuclear weapons. They also go against president Bush's stated policy of reduced reliance on nuclear weapons. By attempting to define a new role for these weapons of ultimate destruction and envisaging their use even in conventional wars, the review redefines deterrence and undermines the non-proliferation regime.

Political Dimensions of Globalisation

Globalisation has a profound impact on political institutions and discourse nationally and internationally. In the process of changing the nature of the state and the interstate system, a new political order is being fashioned.

Russian Response to US Missiles

Russian president Putin has presented himself as a champion of Asian causes and a firm opponent of the US missile programme. He has not only won China and North Korea to his side, but also weakened Japan's support to the US missile programme.

Sidelining the United Nations

From the joint Indo-US 'Vision' statement issued during the Clinton visit, it appears that India accepts and even supports US attempts to sideline the United Nations in matters of international security and to arrogate to itself the role of global policeman.

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