ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Nilakantha Rath

Declining Cattle Population

There has been a major change in the composition and mix of the cattle population in India. The proportion of male cattle has declined sharply as farmers do not fi nd it worthwhile to maintain bullocks to plough holdings that are becoming smaller and smaller. The composition of the milch cattle population too is changing. The proportion of the indigenous breed is falling and that of the exotic/cross-bred is growing. There are differences between states in the pattern of change, but those who seek protection of the cow and a ban on cow slaughter seem to be unaware of what has been happening.

Measurement of Poverty: In Retrospect and Prospect

Attempts to measure poverty in India date back to pre- Independence, but it was only from the late 1950s onwards that a systematic effort has been made to define the poverty line and then estimate the population of the poor. A survey of the evolution of the poverty line with a focus on the recommendations of two important committees - the 1993 Lakdawala Committee and the 2010 Tendulkar Committee - which effected important changes in the measurement process.

Microfinance Regulation Bill: A Rejoinder

 Microfinance Regulation Bill: A Rejoinder Nilakantha Rath It is inappropriate to make trusts or registered societies or cooperative credit societies function as wholesalers in a regime of microfinance institutions. It is better to provide the self-help groups and their federations with statutory status under a liberal cooperative law. This would be the proper approach to extension of credit to such elements in the rural society.

On the Microfinance Regulation Bill 2007

The Microfinance Regulation Bill 2007, which seeks to regulate trusts and societies that help or promote self-help groups, is completely unnecessary since it does not address the needs of the SHGs. Legislation that enables these groups to register as cooperatives and borrow from banks or helps them to form private limited companies under the Company (Amendment) Act 2002 to facilitate borrowing from commercial banks would be more helpful.