ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Neeraj Hatekar

Multidimensional Deprivation Index and Spatial Clustering

Using a village-level data set, we create an index of multidimensional deprivation for basic amenities available in villages for various states of India and compare the performance of Maharashtra relative to other states. Surprisingly, rural Maharashtra lags behind even the supposedly underdeveloped states like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Our index correlates well with numerous development indicators, including newly-born underweight children, per capita consumption, employment, and luminosity of night lights. The paper argues for using the multidimensional deprivation index as a metric for local and regional planning to bring about more equitable public provisioning in basic amenities within the country.

 

Why It Makes Sense to Leave and Stay Gone

India experienced a mass exodus of informal sector workers who were heading out of cities, bound homewards. Given the paucity of transport infrastructure, this is translating into one of the greatest mass tragedies of post-independence India. This has been rationalised as a combination of people moving out because of a lockdown-induced loss of earnings and irrational fears stoked by the pandemonium. This exodus is, in fact, a perfectly rational response to the rapid spread of the virus in informal housing localities. Three different policies are outlined whose combination could have, and can still, reduce, if not entirely stop, the exodus.

Disaggregate Food Inflation in India

Inflation may vary across space and commodities due to differences in region-specific or idiosyncratic factors such as climate, local culture, and the existing institutional set-up. These factors cause disaggregate, or regional, inflation, which in turn coalesces into aggregate inflation. Food inflation is a typical example. Spatial factors and rainfall are the most important determinants of disaggregate food inflation. Local inflation differs from aggregate inflation; the rate of inflation varies by city and commodity; and the determinants of rural and urban inflation are different. In addition to demand management policies, aggressive supply-side policies are the need of the hour.