ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by N Vijay JagannathanSubscribe to N Vijay Jagannathan

Story of a Hiss

Story of a Hiss Water Scarcity and the Need for Reform N VIJAY JAGANNATHAN Global perceptions of India have changed, thanks to the wonderful things happening through the initiative, hard work and creativity of our citizens. Yet, so many things are depressingly unchanged. The most graphic one is the hiss of a tap that lets out air instead of water whenever a person struggles to fill a bucket in an otherwise affluent Delhi Development Authority (DDA) neighbourhood. The hiss is even louder in the

A Case Study of Pavement Dwellers in Calcutta-Family Characteristics of the Urban Poor

Family Characteristics of the Urban Poor N Vijay Jagannathan Animesh Halder This paper examines the socio-economic characteristics of Calcutta's pavement dwellers based on an analysis of recent data generated by the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority. Family and demographic . characteristics are related to the socio-economic factors. The future prospects of pavement dwellers in Calcutta's urban economy are also assessed.

A Case Study of Pavement Dwellers in Calcutta-Occupation, Mobility and Rural-Urban Linkages

This is a study of occupational patterns and mobility among pavement dwellers in Calcutta. It reveals the existence of several segmented markets in the city's informal sector The segments are not necessarily impermeable, but usually access is dependent on contacts, and acceptability by dominant groups controlling access routes. While the data reveals a steady inflow of the rural poor from eastern India, their destinations are well defined, and are usually based on information obtained from relations and kinsmen of the village. An average income of around Rs 80-100 per week can be earned by a physically strong village youth prepared to lift heavy loads in the congested wholesale commodities markets in the city, or tranship passengers across short distances in rickshaws. Contacts, kinship ties, caste and communal factors can ease access to these earning opportunities. For the physically weak and under-nourished the opportunities are relatively fewer, but even then, substantial.

Income-Housing Linkages-A Case Study of Pavement Dwellers in Calcutta

Among the urban poor the concept of shelter has several dimensions. For some it is a vital factor of production in their economic pursuits; while for some others it is merely a barricade for privacy in a highly congested urban environment. There is also another category of urban poor who live and earn their living with no form of shelter whatsoever. This study analyses the factors influencing the decisions of such truely shelterless persons living on the pavements of Calcutta city.

Planning in New Cities-The Durgapur Experience

Planning in New Cities The Durgapur Experience N Vijay Jagannathan A small but important segment of the rapid urbanisation witnessed in India since independence consists of the new cities which have emerged following large-scale public investments in areas that had been in earlier decades completely rural. These medium-sized cities, such as Chandigarh, Durgapur, Neyveli, Bhilai and Bokaro demonstrate the unique problems and opportunities of diffusing urbanisation. This paper highlights some facets of town planning in Durgapur and, in the process, brings out some of the weaknesses of town-planning in a developing country.

Expenditure Patterns in State Budgets-An Exploratory Survey

An Exploratory Survey N Vijay Jagannathan While fiscal planners have mainly concerned themselves with devising strategies to optimise resource mobilisa- tion, the actual pattern of expenditure is obviously of equal importance for developmental planning. Through an exploratory study of six states with roughly comparable populations and widely divergent patterns of economic development, the author proposes to show that the existing procedures for accounting expenditures are unable to clearly specify the actual patterns of resource use.

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