ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sorghum and Pearl Millet Economy of India

Coarse cereals such as pearl millet and sorghum, the hardiest and least risky cereals, are mainly grown in India's arid and semi-arid regions. These crops possess high nutritive and fodder value and are primarily consumed by their producers. On the supply side, there has been a large shift in the area under cultivation to rice and wheat and other commercial crops. On the demand side, the distribution of rice and wheat at subsidised prices through the public distribution system has led to a fall in the consumption of sorghum and millets. The decline in cultivated area could result in a problem for the livestock sector in many regions. It is crucial that the sorghum and millet sector be supported by strong government policies and programmes for food, fodder, and better nutrition through value addition and demand creation.

Economics of Peri-Urban Agriculture

Peri-urban agriculture has brought out two clear impacts on farmers and the rural economy. The fi rst is the long-term impact of rise in land prices associated with reduced size of holding for agriculture, and the second, the short-term impact of rise in agricultural wages. In peri-urban and rural agriculture, the contribution from wage income exceeds 50%. Nevertheless, the per capita incomes of farmers in these scenarios are 50% lower than the per capita income of an average Indian. Steps are suggested to improve the economic situation of peri-urban farmers.

Pricing of Irrigation Water in Cauvery Basin

There has been an almost fivefold increase in gross irrigation potential in the country since the 1950s. But there has been a staggering difference between expenditure incurred on irrigation and revenue recovered. This study examines the feasibility of differentially pricing irrigation water in normal and problematic (saline and waterlogged) soils of the command area of the Kabini project in the Cauvery basin in Karnataka.

Groundwater Institutions in US and India

In India, lack of effective groundwater institutions at the local level has resulted in misallocation, deteriorating quality of water and severe overdrafts. To promote sustainable use of groundwater, India could use the Nebraska model which includes formation of natural resource districts, specifying user rights, permits for extraction, quotas and moratorium on new wells in critical areas.

Intra- and Inter-Generational Equity Effects of Irrigation Well Failures-Farmers in Hard Rock Areas of India

of Irrigation Well Failures Farmers in Hard Rock Areas of India N Nagaraj M G Chandrakanth Equity in access to groundwater is of concern as groundwater offers considerable potential to enhance land productivity. In addition to the existing inequity in landholdings, the inequity in access to groundwater further widens the skewness in assets and income distribution. The food security and equity was well provided by dug well irrigation. The failure of dug wells, shift to high water-high value crops and policy instruments like soft loans to sink wells and zero marginal cost for electrical power to lift groundwater, disturbed the equity in well irrigation, and paved the way for the use of expensive technologies for rapid harness of groundwater. As a result, the dug-cum-borewell and borewells contributed to interand intra-generational inequity, even though they increased the overall growth in agriculture.
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