ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by N N MehrotraSubscribe to N N Mehrotra

Micro-Organisms, Bio-Technologies and Environmental Protection

and Environmental Protection N N Mehrotra Cases of deaths in neonatal and paediatric wards due to hospital acquired infection are not rare. Little concern is exhibited with regard to the safe disposal of hospital generated wastes which arc highly toxic and infectious.

Patents Act and Technological Self-Reliance-The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry

Patents and trademarks, particularly in the pharmaceutical industry, have been extensively used by TNCs to reinforce their market power This paper examines the impact of patents legislation on the indigenous development of the pharmaceutical industry in India. The Indian Patents Act of 1972 had a positive impact on the technological growth of the pharmaceutical industry. For India to join the Paris Convention at this stage would prove detrimental to such growth.

Indian Patents Act, Paris Convention and Self-Reliance

The Indian Patents Act of 1970 has been hailed as one of the most progressive of such legislation in many countries as well as by UNCTAD. It offers several advantages to entrepreneurs, scientists and technologists and to consumers. The provisions of the Act help India ensure that blocking and repetitive patents are not allowed to stifle technological and industrial self-reliance.

Prevention of Food Adulteration Ineffective Legislation

Ineffective Legislation Anvita Sinha N N Mehrotra THE main objective of food laws is to ensure that the food articles which the public buys should be prepared, packed and stored under sanitary conditions and with such ingredients and such processes so as not to be injurious to the health of people who consume it. In India, during the pre- independence period the Indian Penal code 1860 was expected to take care of noxious food. Along with this, various states had their own laws to overcome the problem of adulteration of food stuffs. This became a problematic job for implementing authorities since different territories in the country were subject to different laws on the same subject. With a view to removing these diversities and loopholes, a central legislation came into force in the form of Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954 (PFA Act). Its rules were framed in 1955 and are known as Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules 1955 (PFA Rules). The main objectives of the PFA Act and Rules are to protect the consumer against ill-health caused by adulteration; to restrict and control the use of food additives and to confirm the nutritional standards of the food. These laws are applicable for both kinds of foods whether manufactured indigenously or imported.
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