ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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China Catching Up with the West

China: Catching Up with the West N Krishnaji China: Long-term Development Issues and Options, a World Bank Country Report, Johns Hopkins, 1985, pp xiii + 183.

The Demand Constraint-A Note on Role of Foodgrain Prices and Income Inequality

A Note on Role of Foodgrain Prices and Income Inequality N Krishnaji This note is concerned with the determinants of the aggregate household demand in India for consumption items other than food. It analyses a part of the data available in official sources. The objective is to see whether and to what extent non-food demand is influenced by income inequalities and food prices, particularly cereal prices. Some earlier studies show that increasing food prices tend to depress the demand for items such as clothing. The results of this study support such findings.

Family Size, Levels of Living and Differential Mortality in Rural India-Some Paradoxes

Family Size, Levels of Living and Differential Mortality in Rural India Some Paradoxes N Krishnaji The family size and death rate paradoxes discussed in this paper arise wholly out of the inappropriate use of per-capita expenditure for analysing demographic differentials. The paradoxes disappear once an appropriate variable, such as property holdings, in brought into the analysis. The issue has far- reaching implications, not only for our understanding of demographic differentials hut also for measurement of poverty.

Poverty and Fertility-A Review of Theory and Evidence

A Review of Theory and Evidence N Krishnaji There are two distinct but related aspects of the association between poverty and fertility which have been discussed widely in the literature on development. The first concerns a comparison between countries at various stages of development, while the second relates to differences between poor and rich families within poor countries. There is some confusion in the literature on fertility in relation to levels of living and development, which can be traced to a mixing up of these two

Cobb-Douglas Production Functions-A Sceptical Note with Special Reference to Agriculture

A Sceptical Note with Special Reference to Agriculture N Krishnaji This paper shows that observations generated from a technology with fixed coefficients can be approximated welt by a Cobb-Douglas function with constant returns-to-scale. The approximation is shown to be robust with respect to both heterogeneity in input-output ratios and aggregation, under reasonable assumptions.

On Measuring the Incidence of Undernutrition-A Note of Sukhatme s Procedure

On Measuring the Incidence of Undernutrition A Note of Sukhatme's Procedure N Krishnaji The purpose of this note is to review some conceptual and measurement problems associated with P V Sukhatme's procedure for measuring the, incidence of undernutrition in a given population. It is shown that this procedure understates the magnitude of undernutrition by specifying a lower minimum re- quirement than is logically appropriate. The note also examines the implications of faulty conversion of persons into consumerunit-equivalents.

Lessons of Naxalbari

N Krishnaji In the Wake of Naxalbari: A History of the Naxalite Movement in India by Sumanta Banerjee; Subarnarekha, Calcutta, 1980: pp xii + THE Naxalbari movement was hailed as "Spring Thunder over India". The analogy is in a sense inappropriate for this was no seasonal burst; it had roots in the past and its quick spread to other areas changed the horizon of politics in India as no other left movement has since Independence. It held promise but it failed. But the questions it raised are still relevant, The nature and course of the movement in Naxalbari, Srikakulam and other areas is historically linked to the earlier experience of Indian communists. Tebhaga, Telengana and the subsequent preoccupation with electoral politics are all parts of this experience. But in some respects it was unique in Indian history. The movement that followed in the wake of Naxalbari in areas such as Srikakulam made a more forceful demonstration than did Telengana that armed struggle can be real; and that liberated zones, peoples' courts, and seizure of political power need not remain entirely imaginary.

Agrarian Structure and Family Formation- A Tentative Hypothesis

A Tentative Hypothesis N Krishnaji The focus of current research on agrarian structure and family formation is mainly on family-size and one of its determinants, viz, fertility. The aim of such research is to discover why some couples adopt family planning practices while others do not.

Familiar Story

Familiar Story N Krishnaji Anatomy of a Peasant Economy: A Rice Village in the Philippines by Y Hayami in association with M Kikuchi, P F Moya, L M Bambo and E B Marciano; International Rice Research Institute Manila

Agrarian Relations and the Left Movement in Kerala-A Note on Recent Trends

in Kerala A Note on Recent Trends N Krishnaji The abolition of tenancy is widely believed to be accomplished fact in Kerala. The effective implementation of the law was possible largely due to the organised strength of the left movement in the state and the related fact that land reforms in Kerala were implemented by left-oriented governments.

People s Science Movements

January 13, 1879 People's Science Movements A Vaidyanathan N Krishnaji K P Kannan THERE has been a growing realisation among scientists and social workers that science and scientific research in India, as presently taught and practised, has acquired an elitist character with little or no relevance to or concern for the needs of the people. This has led to the emergence of a number of voluntary organisations ranging from those explicitly oriented towards the 'popularisation of science to those which seek to inculcate among the masses a scientific approach to understanding society and social Lange as a necessary pre-condition for progressive social transformation. These groups, spread all over India, vary in size and scope ranging from small groups working on particular problems in a limited area to a mass movement like the Kerala Sastra Sahitya Pari- shad (KSSP). A significant feature of these new activities is that they have begun to attract highly trained scientists and technologists who have become disenchanted with the relevance of what they have learnt and what they are doing in the 'scientific establishments

Public Distribution and Procurement of Foodgrains-A Comment

Public Distribution and Procurement of Foodgrains A Comment N Krishnaji THE principles underlying the proposal made by I S Gulati and T N Krishnan (GK, henceforth) in a recent article (May 24, 1975, Volume X, Number 21) are unexceptionable. Of particular importance is the principle of equity which requires an equal burden (of procure- ment) to be imposed on farmers in the different parts of the country who are 'similarly placed' with respect to the level of production; and so is the recognition of the need to extend the public distribution system to serve the rural poor. No one can possibly dispute either the suggestions following from these principles or the recommendation of a graded producer levy for procuring foodgrains at reasonable prices.

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