ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Mukul Sanwal

Foundation of India–China Relations

The Fractured Himalaya: India  Tibet • China 1949–1962 by Nirupama Rao, New Delhi: Penguin Viking, 2021; pp 640, `999.

Nehru, Tibet and China by A S Bhasin, New Delhi: Penguin Viking, 2021; pp 368, `399.

Contested Lands: India, China and the Boundary Dispute by Maroof Raza, Westland
Non-fiction, 2021; pp 208, 
`699.

The Long Game: How the Chinese Negotiate with India by Vijay Gokhale, Vintage Books, 2021; pp 200, `699.

Forgotten Kashmir: The Other Side of the Line of Control by Dinkar P Srivastava, HarperCollins, 2021; pp 304, `699.

Climate Change after the G-20 Summit

Global climate policy should now move away from its sole focus on reduction of emissions of carbon dioxide, which is a symptom of the problem, to discussing its causes and strategies. This article argues that, with the largest emitter opting out, the key issue is the broader response from the late developers, in particular India, reframing both the design and implementation of the climate regime.

Ratification Politics: Climate Change Is a Social Problem

Should India ratify the Paris Agreement when the United States does not consider it a treaty with legally binding commitments and the executive agreement can be easily reversed, as happened with the Kyoto Protocol? And, should India now take a strategic perspective to reframe international cooperation and focus on the carbon budget to allow for the convergence of standards of living?

Paris Agreement on Climate Change

The success of the Paris Agreement will depend on how soon the countries whose emissions have peaked achieve zero-emission levels; and how China, India and other developing countries define their urban future. It will also depend on developing a common understanding of whether technological changes alone will suffice and come quickly enough to meet the world's huge and growing need for energy, transportation, food, buildings and goods within a reframed urban transition.

Global Vision for Rio+20 and Beyond

The various mechanisms evolved through global negotiations to deal with shared environmental problems, such as climate change, fall short because they are not located within a larger debate on dealing with human well-being and instead focus only on limiting damage. The United Nations is best placed to support a common understanding on patterns of resource use that are in principle common for all by generating strategic knowledge, also leading to deepening coherence of the global agenda.