ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Mita ChoudhurySubscribe to Mita Choudhury

Estimating Public Spending on Health

The use of information on withdrawals by Drawing and Disbursing Officers for improving the estimates of public spending for National Health Accounts in India is illustrated. Using information from Karnataka and Rajasthan, the study highlights the advantages of combining DDO-level information with budgetary data. The significant benefits of using DDO-level information in India have implications for better estimates of public spending and health policy design.

Fourteenth Finance Commission

Preliminary evidence on the impact of the recommendations of the Fourteenth Finance Commission suggests that there has been an increase in central transfers and social sector expenditures in a number of states in 2015–16. This evidence is biased upwards due to two factors. First, much of the gains have been measured with respect to a low base year. Second, the inferences are affected by systematic differences between actuals, revised estimates, and budget estimates. Using a modified base and comparable estimates for 15 major states, it is seen that these are much smaller. Besides, in most states, social services have received a lower priority over economic services in 2015–16.

Potential Selectivity Bias in Data

A number of recent firm-level studies on Indian industry have used data available from Prowess, a database of Indian firms compiled by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy. This paper attempts to identify the extent and nature of potential selectivity biases in samples drawn from Prowess. The paper shows that the distributional properties of samples drawn from Prowess are not consistent over the years. Also, the distributional properties of a balanced panel extracted from the database are not consistent with those of the full sample in different years.
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