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UNITED KINGDOM- Thatcherism and Reform of Welfare State

ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEK UNITED KINGDOM Thatcherism and Reform of Welfare State Michael Jacobs THE British government has unveiled its plans for the most comprehensive reform of the Welfare State since the latter was established after the Second World War. The consultative Green Paper published in May by Social Services Secretary Norman Fowler may have failed to live up to its pre-publication billing as a coherent, systematic reformulation of welfare provision; it looked more like a simple cost-cutting exercise. But within its proposals do lie fundamental changes in the principles of the welfare state which reveal clearly the ideological drive of Margaret Thatcher.

UNITED KINGDOM- Immigration Controls and Racism

UNITED KINGDOM Immigration Controls and Racism Michael Jacobs LAST month's judgment by the European Court of Human Rights that Britain's immigration rules are unlawful because they discriminate against women comes at a time when the Conservative government's immigration and race policies in general are under increasing attack. A recent report by the (government-financed) Commission for Racial Equality declared that the immigration rules were "racist in operation"; while the disclosure that queues of applicants to enter Britain in the Indian sub-continent were being maintained deliberately to control the numbers of Black immigrants has led to legal action being initiated against the government by the National Council for Civil Liberties.

Bonn Summit and Star Wars

seminar, including the papers and the discussions.
The seminar, however, left certain overall impressions which can be summarised without hesitation.

UNITED KINGDOM- Civil Liberties in Britain

against imperialism and its local allies. He followed the anti-imperialist liberation wan of Indo-China; the brief interregnum during which popular democratic forces triumphed in Chile; the national liberation struggle in Bangladesh which was thwarted in its incipient stages; the anti- colonial struggles of Guinee-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and latterly the struggles of the Polisario in the Western Sahara; the struggle of the Ugandan people against Amin's fasdst tyranny; the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan; the Vietnamese intervention in Kampuchea; and the national liberation movements of the Sandinistas and the Farabundo Mar- tistas in Nicaragua and El Salvador Jitendra Mohan's intellectual and political focus, which was never really shifted from its roots, returned to India in a forceful manner during the Emergency. He played an active role in mobilising united opposition to the Emergency in Britain and gathering support for the restoration of elementary civil rights to the Indian people. During the Emergency, he visited India twice, and was able to forge close links with some of the democratic opponents of the Emergency. During the last ten years of his life, Jitendra Mohan undertook a detailed study of the characteristics of India's international position and the strengths and weaknesses of the forces opposed to anti-democratic trends present in its domestic politics.

UNITED KINGDOM- Monetarism and Decline

April 6, 1985 UNITED KINGDOM Monetarism and Decline Michael Jacobs THE Budget presented by the British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Nigel Lawson, last week was, he. claimed, "a Budget for jobs and enterprise". In practice its combination of minor tax adjustments and continuing financial restraint will do little for either, though the City money markets expressed their pleasure at its austerity by marking up the pound to $ 1.18, speculators taking healthy profits in the process. (Only a month before, sterling had slid very close to parity with the dollar.) Despite the rise in the pound, British interest rates remain at a 60-year record real level, at 13.5 per cent. Mortgage rates have just been put up again, maintaining the upward pressure on inflation, now running at an annual rate of 5.4 per cent. Meanwhile unemployment is also at an all-time high: 3.3 million people, or 1 in 7 of the workforce, is now out of work, and the number is still rising. The Budget will do nothing to reverse these trends, or indeed the continuing decline of the British economy as a whole which they indicate.

UNITED KINGDOM- End of the Coal Strike

Thus the words of a Yorkshire pit-man as the National Union of Mineworkers led its men back to work last week with brass bands playing and flags flying


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