ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Contextualising Transnationalism

Scholars following the transnational turn in migration studies have stressed the way in which connections that migrants maintain across nation state boundaries affect their daily lives and subjectivities in the place of settlement. By doing so, the influence of the local context on transnational ties is sometimes overlooked. Based on five months of fieldwork amongst the Gujarati Hindu community of Cape Town, the cases presented in this paper show that local particularities inherently affect global processes. It suggests a reconceptualisation of transnational connections that emphasises the influence of the local and historical context of migration and argues that the regionalised migration trajectories and the manifestation of the history of apartheid in the local context have significantly affected the way in which transnational ties with India are maintained by this community.

Migration, Transnational Flows, and Development in India

This paper was written as part of the research programme "Provincial Globalisation: The Impact of Reverse Transnational Flows in India's Regional Towns", a collaboration between the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, funded by the WOTRO Science for Global Development programme of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientifi c Research. A longer version has appeared as Provincial Globalisation Working Paper No 4 (Bangalore: NIAS and AISSR, 2012, available at ). The authors acknowledge the contributions of Anant Maringanti to the development of the ideas presented here, and thank the other Provincial Globalisation team members for their inputs and Peggy Levitt and A R Vasavi for their advice. However, they are solely responsible for any errors or lacunae that remain. Carol Upadhya ( ) is with the School of Social Sciences, National Institute of Advanced Studies Bangalore. Mario Rutten ( ) is with the Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam. The relationship between migration and development is a key area in research and policymaking. The contributions of international migrants to their home countries in the form of remittances, investments, and philanthropic donations are widely regarded as an important development resource. This paper reviews the migration and development debate and the current state of knowledge about flows of migrant resources to India and argues that tracing transnational connections and flows at the regional level will provide a more nuanced understanding of their social and economic implications.

Labour and Capitalist Transformation in Asia

Just as the labour movement and trade unions have been unable to keep up with the recent changes at a global level, most studies on labour and capitalist transformation continue to operate within old debates, views and perspectives and are hardly able to take into their approach and analysis the changes due to the recent acceleration in the process of globalisation. An attempt to address this concern by bringing back labour into the research agenda.

Involvement and Indifference

To what extent is the social concern demonstrated by the Indian middle class for the victims of the Gujarat earthquake part of a more general tendency in Asia of the sharing of wealth, of building up a more egalitarian society in which there is a transfer of wealth and resources from the elite to the poorer sections of society

Patels of Central Gujarat in Greater London

Two contradictory forces - a spirit of enterprise and a traditionbound status-consciousness - led the patels of central Gujarat first to Africa and then to the UK. Today they are successful shopkeepers, businessmen and professionals in the UK. But they also worry about keeping their language, culture and links to India alive.

Agricultural Modernisation, Poverty and Differences in Agrarian Structure

Agricultural Modernisation, Poverty and Differences in Agrarian Structure Mario Rutten Agrarian Structure, Technological Change and Poverty; Micro-level Evidence by Bhanwar Singh; Agricole Publishing Academy, New Delhi, 1985;

Social Profile of Agricultural Entrepreneurs-Economic Behaviour and Life-Style of Middle-Large Farmers in Central Gujarat

Economic Behaviour and Life-Style of Middle-Large Farmers in Central Gujarat Mario Rutten Based on field-work in the Charotar tract of Kheda district in central Gujarat, this paper analyses some qualitative aspects of the economic behaviour and life-style of the class of middle-large farmers. After reviewing the economic progress of the Charotar area from the second half of the last century and the upward socio-economic mobility of the class of middle-large farmers, the present mode of farming, organisation of labour, pattern of investment and lifestyle of the farming households are described. It is argued that besides the features usually associated with a capitalist mode of agricultural production
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