ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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China's Reforms: The Wuxi Story

Based on a 30-year micro-study of economic reforms in Wuxi city and Hela township, this paper points out that development through political urbanisation the Wuxi way may achieve fast economic growth but has its social, environmental and political costs. It traces the three phases of reforms the region has passed through, attaining a spectacular rise in gross domestic product and household incomes. But later developments have negated some of the achievements of the earlier stages of reform. It proposes that the authorities initiate genuine grass roots democracy so that local people will have the power to decide on matters that affect them.

Maoist and State Violence in Orissa - II

A fact-finding team of academics, lawyers and student activists from a number of civil liberties organisations visited Orissa on February 21-23, 2008 to investigate into the rising spiral of violence and threats to civil liberties and democratic rights in the state, especially since February 15,...

Detention of Dr Binayak Sen

A group of former bureaucrats, academicians, lawyers and social activists visited Chhattisgarh during January 18-22 in connection with the prolonged incarceration of Dr Binayak Sen. The team met the governor and director general of police and also met Dr Binayak Sen in the central prison at Raipur...

Grappling with the 'Success Trap' in China

T he rapid growth of China over the past three decades has brought about a remarkable economic transformation. It has also brought with it major problems, a "success trap" of a certain kind. The 17th congress of the Communist Party of China focused on how to climb out of this trap.

Challenges of Revolutionary Violence

Since the Naxalbari uprising nearly four decades ago, the Naxalite movement now comprises various groups that appear bound together by a commonality in ideology, though their aims to achieve revolution differ. The different groups within the movement may appear fragmented but as long as sharp iniquities prevail in the current social and economic polity, their vision will continue to appeal to the dispossessed and the marginalised. The Indian state by its unitary response of violence and repression is not only guilty of a blinkered understanding of the situation but is in danger of perpetuating the culture of violence in large parts of the country.

Contrasting Denuclearisation: Korea and Iran

In recent weeks, two scenarios, both starkly opposed to each other, were enacted in the sphere of nuclear disarmament. China's role in the agreement reached on denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula has been widely appreciated. In contrast, India's vote advocating for punitive measures against Iran for its nuclear programme, has appeared a "sell-out".

Panchsheel Partners

The recent visit of Chinese prime minister Wen Jiabao turned out to be a landmark event because of the new perception India has gained in China's eyes as a major player in the world arena. The discussions on the border dispute have moved on to a new political plane with a clear outline of a possible solution. The Panchsheel partners have made a new beginning to cope with a new world environment.

Obituary: Kishen Pattnayak and the Pursuit of Democratic Visions

Kishen Pattnayak's concept of politics was the comprehensive pursuit of social transformation. He was a radical who centred his activities on social movements, while simultaneously participating in electoral politics through the instrumentality of a political party. In both, the stress was on principles and ideology, whatever the length of time and sacrifice it might involve. He pursued peaceful struggles for social change and had debates with the Naxalites on this issue.

China's Focus on Governance

The resolution at the Fourth Plenum of the Communist Party of China declares that China's reforms and development have reached a critical stage in which new problems are mushrooming in the country. It warns that "the CPC's ruling status is by no means the natural result of the party's founding and will not remain for ever if the party does nothing to safeguard it". It calls upon the party members to have a "stronger sense of crisis" and draw lessons from the experiences of other ruling parties in the world.

CPC's Fourth Generation Ideology

Hu Jintao, the new general secretary of the Communist Party of China, and his colleagues, who constitute the party's fourth generation leadership, have been armed by Jiang Zemin with a new ideological tool called Sange Daibiao (the Three Represents) which, like Deng Xiaoping�s Gaige Kaifang (Reform and Open Door), seems to be slowly capturing the imagination of the Chinese people. This formulation is seen by the left as an outrageous departure from Marxism. The right is equally disappointed by the refusal to grant full freedom to the propertied classes. Yet the Three Represents are carefully crafted guidelines for the party to face the challenges of the emerging world and to take the country forward in the new century.

Orissa Elections and Kalahandi s Tularam

Tularam POLITICS in Orissa continues to be centred on strategies of voter mobilisation for winning elections rather than discussing alternative policies for tackling problems of poverty and underdevelopment of the state. There are amazing repetitions of the pastformation of a regional party, coalition of coastal and inland political groups, taking positions to join trends at the national level and, of course, persistence of upper caste and upper class leadership across parties.

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