ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Maithreyi KrishnarajSubscribe to Maithreyi Krishnaraj

Does EGS Require Restructuring for Poverty Alleviation and Gender Equality?

The Employment Guarantee Scheme (EGS) initiated in Maharashtra in the early 1970s is the oldest and the largest public works programme in the developing world. It has been the subject of numerous studies that have highlighted the positive effects of EGS on the rural economy of Maharashtra. Yet none of these has furnished concrete evidence for most of these inferred effects. Moreover, there have been no investigations since the 1990s, when both the rural economy of Maharashtra and the EGS have undergone significant changes in size, character and direction. This article reviews the EGS to assess whether it requires restructuring for poverty alleviation and gender equality. Part I of the article examines the concept, design and delivery system of the EGS, so as to assess its effectiveness against poverty and pinpoint its limitations. Part II will highlight the issues including gender concerns that need to be addressed before restructuring the scheme.

Challenges before Women's Movement in a Changing Context

Communalism, the actual and possible effects of economic reforms on women's position, and the rising violence in our society have become problematic issues for the womenâ??s movement. Many of these developments have roots in the past while some are new emanations. Feminist response to these issues has been more in the form of a generalised anxiety rather than clear analysis and understanding of the nature of our polity and changes therein; the nature of economic reforms and how they have been carried out; policy shifts in many areas and their impact on different sections of women; and importantly, where the movementâ??s energies should be spent. Past strategies have reached a dead end and recourse to legal remedies is not sufficient to bring about changes in the entrenched attitudes and values in society. Where does one go from here?

Growth and Rural Poverty

Assessment of Rural Poverty: Asia and the Pacific; International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Rome, January 2002; pp 172.

How Gender Figures in Economic Theorising and Philosophy

Women's engagement with economics, in its theory and its practice, takes several forms: to draw attention to problems not addressed before; to point out how the way problems have been addressed are unhelpful or fallacious and lead to wrong conclusions and wrong prescriptions; to critique theories and tools in order to expose their inadequacy or invalidity; to refine existing tools using available frameworks so as to 'let in' gender; and to seek new tools of analysis. The engagement can also be at a more philosophical level, namely, the foundational assumptions of the discipline. This paper seeks to explore these themes.

Ageing Women in a Welfare State

In welfare states in Europe the social security systems have generally incorporated gender biases that adversely affect women's life course destiny that culminates in the 'elderly women' syndrome. Some interesting trends are evident in the Netherlands, where although the state has trimmed social security in many ways, its emancipatory policies have been moving in the direction of redressing gender inequalities. In the context of the emerging information on the status of elderly women in India the course of welfare legislation in the Netherlands and the context which prompted it may provide some pointers.

Women and the Public Domain-Critical Issues for Women Studies

Critical Issues for Women Studies Maithreyi Krishnaraj THREE events of major import have made imperative a re-examining and rethinking of the relationship between women and the public domain, By this I mean more than what is conventionally known as the 'public' arena. There is involved in this our understanding of the state and of appropriate feminist politics to meet feminist goals,These three events pertain to: first, the New Economic Policy which has changed the direction of our economy; second, the uniform civil code controversy which has raised many uncomfortable questions for feminists about religious identity and gender; and the third relates to the debate on reservation of seats for women in the parliament which has supporters and detractors. Implicated in all these three issues are notions of public space and citizen rights.

Nehruvian Nostalgia

quite a few in the secular parties who are equally chauvinistic. The recent fiasco of the constitutional amendment bill providing for reserved seats for women in legislatures amply demonstrate this.

Androgyny An Alternative to Gender Polarity

Maithreyi Krishnaraj The concept of androgyny, it has been suggested, offers a means of transcending the duality of gender differences imposed by culture, And once gender polarities are reduced, traditional sex and gender differences can be broken down. What androgyny obscures, however, is the social context it is as if individuals can effortlessly balance traits and behaviour in a social vacuum. The greater individual freedom in certain directions promised by the construct is of little help, therefore, in dealing with deep-seated structural gender inequalities.

Women Craft Workers as Security for Family Subsistence

Family Subsistence Maithreyi Krishnaraj Crafts production traditionally organised in family units bound makers and users in a complex mix of rights and obligations hallowed by custom. As the market system has expanded crqfts have tended to decline today in India. However, women continue to be engaged in them to a greater extent than men.

Women's Work in Indian Census: Beginnings of Change

of Change Maithreyi Krishnaraj Accurate and reliable statistics are important for any group in a given population for analysing trends and for evolving policies. On many aspects of life which reflect the development of a society, we have poor data or inadequate coverage. The problem is many times compounded for women.

Women Studies in India

exports of cotton yarn. One real limiting factor, of course, is availability of cotton in which we hardly have a large margin. But the more important question is; whatever increase in yarn output is achieved, should it go to exports rather than to satisfy the demand of our own weaving capacity which is large enough to absorb all the yarn we can coceivably produce in the foreseeable future. There is nothing "wrong in exports" as such, but everything wrong if exports are at the cost of starving our own loomage in the decentralised sector.

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