ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Madhuri SaripalleSubscribe to Madhuri Saripalle

Market Awareness and Profitability

A case study of mango farmers in Kolar district of Karnataka analyses the determinants of profitability and constraints faced by the horticulture industry in India in general. The mango value chain is explored in-depth to understand the market choices of farmers and the role of market intermediaries. The study is based on data collected from a primary survey of 131 farmers and uses an instrumental variable approach to model the profitability of farmers as a function of market awareness, distance from markets, farming practices, and control variables. It finds that in addition to age and education, distance to markets and farming practices are significant factors influencing the profitability of mango cultivators.

Tamil Nadus Electronics Industry

India's information technology hardware segment is heavily dependent on imports of components and finished goods. After surveying Tamil Nadu's hardware electronics sector, this article argues that the stagnation of the electronics hardware sectors stems from a failure to create backward linkages, a liberal import regime and a foreign direct investment policy that has focused on employment generation instead of capability building. The study highlights the import-intensive nature of the industry, identifies skill gaps and infrastructural constraints faced especially by medium- and small-scale manufacturers.

Inter-firm Relationship and Governance Structure

The paper analyses inter-firm relationship in the analytical framework of institutional economics, in particular transaction cost theory. It studies the governance structure of inter-firm relationship as an interaction between various agents, including the role of policy. Based on a case study of Bhilai Steel Plant and its ancillaries, it is argued that the governance structure evolves in the process of interaction, determined by the responses of agents to policy. Further, the realisation of policy objectives depends on the decisionmaking process and responses of agents. The paper emphasises on the shift of policy approach of treating the responses of economic agents as given and 'passive' to that of treating them as active.
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