ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

M V NadkarniSubscribe to M V Nadkarni

Poverty, Environment, Development

The thesis that poverty leads to environmental degradation and thence to more poverty deals with only one of the several patterns of the poverty-environment-development nexus prevailing in India and the third world. The other patterns include a trade-off between poverty alleviation and conservation of the environment; necessary conservation which hurts the poor, at least in the short run; development which aggravates both poverty and environmental degradation; and persistent poverty helping the cause of the environment. There are also heartening instances of this cause prospering side by side with that of poverty alleviation.

Broadbasing Process in India and Dalits

Broadbasing is a process through which an increasing number of social groups enter the mainstream of social, political and economic activities and progressively derive the same advantages from the society as the groups already in the mainstream. Broadbasing occurs alongside and often in response to the challenge of the opposite process of marginalisation, the two processes operating at the expense of each other. Has the process of marginalisation, with the base of the power structure becoming narrower and society consequently less democratically and intensely polarised, a process which was dominant under colonial rule given way to a broadbasing process in the 50 years after independence? This paper takes a serious and discursive look at the operation of the two processes, in Indian society, focusing on the changing social, political and economic status of dalits over the period.

Accelerating Commercialisation of Agriculture-Dynamic Agriculture and Stagnating Peasants

Dynamic Agriculture and Stagnating Peasants? M V Nadkarni Assisted by K H Vedini There is considerable evidence of accelerated commercialisation of agriculture since the 1980s. The process may have further accelerated since early 1990s and has induced growth making agriculture much more dynamic than ever in the past. Yet, do we face the paradox of a dynamic agriculture along with stagnating peasants?

Environment Crisis of Society

Environment: Crisis of Society M V Nadkarni The Vulnerable Planet: A Short Economic History of the Environment by John Bellamy Foster; Monthly Review Press, New York; First Indian Reprint published by Cornerstone Publications, Kharagpur, 1995; pp 160, Rs 70 (PB).

Agriculture and Environment

Agriculture and Environment M V Nadkarni Agricultural Growth, Rural Poverty and Environmental Degradation in India by C H Hanumantha Rao, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1994; pp xiv + 274,

New Charter for Poor

New Charter for Poor? M V Nadkarni To the Hands of the Poor: Water and Trees by Robert Chambers, N C Saxena and Tushaar Shah; Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi,

Challenge of Dryland Farming

Challenge of Dryland Farming M V Nadkarni Technology Options and Economic Policy for Dryland Agriculture: Potential and Challenge edited by N S Jodha; Concept Publishing Co for Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, Bombay, 1989; pp xii+363, Rs 250.

Crisis of Increasing Costs in Agriculture-Is There a Way Out

Is There a Way Out? M V Nadkarni The increasing costs, in the manufacturing sector have received considerable attention in recent years. But the situation in agriculture is no less serious. The output-input ratios are declining and costs per unit of output are increasing rapidly. The rate of growth in inputs per hectare has been more than double that of output. Clearly we are increasing the productivity of our land through a strategy which is proving to be increasingly costly reflecting the inherently unsustainable character of the increase in productivity.

Farm Labour and Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Development

 depth study of some of the innovations of SBI and for appointment of an expert group on IRDP for going into all the pros and cons of the issues are welcome. Some suggestions made regarding the role of the lead bank officers/development officers need to be viewed from two angles. The suggestion of the committee regarding the role of lead bank officer/lead district officer in making on-the-spot studies for proper implementation of the financing schemes needs to be appreciated. However, as regards appointing more such officers, this has to be done in a more systematic way. We have a tendency to prescribe a uniform pattern for most of our institutions. It would be worthwhile first to make effective use of the services of the existing lead bank officer/lead district officer before more such officers are appointed.

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