ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A M ShahSubscribe to A M Shah

Changes in the Family and the Elderly

Though household organisation in India is undergoing stresses and strains, the future well-being of the multitudes of the elderly lies in their remaining in the joint household. For this a process of adjustment between the older and the younger generation needs to be encouraged so that they arrive at a new understanding of their mutual needs.

Can the Caste Census Be Reliable

THROUGHOUT the colonial period the Census of India used to identify castes and enumerate their members. This practice was given up after independence, except in the case of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The Census of India is now considering a proposal to identify castes and enumerate their members at the Census

Is the Joint Household Disintegrating

A M Shah Census and other data since about 1820 indicate that there has been no unilinear change in household organisation in India, While the joint household seems to have weakened in the urban, educated, professional class, there has been an increase in joint households in the majority of the population. This suggests that the general belief that the joint household is disintegrating in modern India has its origins in a particular small but vocal class.

Job Reservations and Efficiency

A M Shah Efficiency or merit is not a fetish of the elite, but an essential ingredient in every field of life, whether in the defence services or department of space or in the soft fields like language and culture. The policy of reservations for backward classes is a major barrier to achieving efficiency.

Parameters of Family Policy in India

Parameters of Family Policy in India A M Shah The government in India at present has policies for different elements in the family structure, such as children, women and the aged. This paper attempts to look at these policies in relation to one another and in the context of the family system and the society and to indicate the parameters of a more comprehensive family policy IN whichever of its three or four different senses the word 'family' is used, the family in India has to be viewed, first of all, in the context of the enormous ethnic diversity of the country. According to the 1981 Census of India, of the total population of 685 million, 82.64 per cent was Hindu, 11.35 per cent Muslim, 2.43 per cent Christian, 1.96 per cent Sikh, 0.71 per cent Buddhist, 0.48 per cent Jain, and 0.42 per cent other (including tribal) religions. Inter-religious marriages do take place in India and there is a law to enable them, but they are extremely small in number. For the vast majority of the people, marriage is always within one's religious group, and the family also therefore prevails within it. These religious groups have evolved since the turn of this century as legal,,and some even as constitutional, entities, and this has important consequences for the nature of marriage and family in each of them. Although one of the directive principles of state policy laid down in the constitution is that "the state shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India", there is as yet no uniform law of family and marriage for all religious groups. Not that the actual family life of people is governed by legal prescriptions. There is enormous social and cultural diversity, hence gap between law and custom, within each religious group. However, the legal prescriptions survive as symbols of the unity of the group.

Changes in the Indian Family-An Examination of Some Assumptions

An Examination of Some Assumptions A M Shah The belief that large and joint households were widely prevalent in pre-British India is probably false. The average size of the household in the early decades of the 19th century was more or less the same as it is now.


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