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Sociological Studies in India

The influence of the British academic tradition on Indian education is responsible for the relatively undeveloped character of sociology in India. Sociology was not regarded as respectable by Indian intellectuals who looked up to Oxford and Cambridge for providing them with their standards and ideals. It was only after Independence and the launching of the programme of planned development that a widespread need was felt for sociological research. Since Independence several important field studies of villages have been carried out by sociologists Indian and foreign. But the pace of social change in India has been such that villages are increasingly affected by forces outside and the growing: links between villages and towns have forced sociologists to study the process of urbanisation and even the urban centres themselves. Problems in political sociology and the analysis of the role or non-economic factors in development are also beginning to receive attention.

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