ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

M G ChandrakanthSubscribe to M G Chandrakanth

Economics of Peri-Urban Agriculture

Peri-urban agriculture has brought out two clear impacts on farmers and the rural economy. The fi rst is the long-term impact of rise in land prices associated with reduced size of holding for agriculture, and the second, the short-term impact of rise in agricultural wages. In peri-urban and rural agriculture, the contribution from wage income exceeds 50%. Nevertheless, the per capita incomes of farmers in these scenarios are 50% lower than the per capita income of an average Indian. Steps are suggested to improve the economic situation of peri-urban farmers.

Combating Negative Externalities of Drought

An important impact parameter visualised and utilised under the watershed development programme (WDP) is its role in augmenting groundwater recharge. In hard rock areas, the life of irrigation wells and their groundwater yield is gradually declining due to many factors especially the interference of irrigation wells due to violation of isolation distance among wells, overdraft of groundwater, etc. Interference among wells is a negative externality. This study is a modest attempt to estimate the impact of WDP in reducing the cumulative interference externality by augmenting groundwater recharge for irrigation in Basavapura watershed in Gowribidanur, a drought prone area in Karnataka.

Pricing of Irrigation Water in Cauvery Basin

There has been an almost fivefold increase in gross irrigation potential in the country since the 1950s. But there has been a staggering difference between expenditure incurred on irrigation and revenue recovered. This study examines the feasibility of differentially pricing irrigation water in normal and problematic (saline and waterlogged) soils of the command area of the Kabini project in the Cauvery basin in Karnataka.

Intra- and Inter-Generational Equity Effects of Irrigation Well Failures-Farmers in Hard Rock Areas of India

of Irrigation Well Failures Farmers in Hard Rock Areas of India N Nagaraj M G Chandrakanth Equity in access to groundwater is of concern as groundwater offers considerable potential to enhance land productivity. In addition to the existing inequity in landholdings, the inequity in access to groundwater further widens the skewness in assets and income distribution. The food security and equity was well provided by dug well irrigation. The failure of dug wells, shift to high water-high value crops and policy instruments like soft loans to sink wells and zero marginal cost for electrical power to lift groundwater, disturbed the equity in well irrigation, and paved the way for the use of expensive technologies for rapid harness of groundwater. As a result, the dug-cum-borewell and borewells contributed to interand intra-generational inequity, even though they increased the overall growth in agriculture.
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