ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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KERALA- Power From Surplus to Shortage

August 13, 1983 KERALA Power: From Surplus to Shortage M E THE much-delayed south-west monsoon this year, after sub-normal rains in the last two seasons, created an unprecedented drought situation in Kerala. Never in living memory had the state witnessed such a crisis

KERALA-A Wholly Financial Exercise

KERALA A Wholly Financial Exercise M E THE 1983-84 budget is the second one of the United Democratic Front led by Congress(I) which assumed office in May 1982 after six months of Presidential rule. Finance Minister K M Mani who heads the Kerala Congress (Mani Group) presented the budget on March 18 in the midst of a serious financial crisis. The state had run up a huge overdraft of Rs 145 crore by the latter half of 1982. far above its ways and means limit of Rs 30 crore, and the Centre clamped down disciplinary measures. In an effort to cut expenditure, the state government issued a se.ries of circulars banning certain items of expenditure and in effect stopping all developmental activity. Just a few weeks before the presentation of the budget an order was passed stating that payments to government employees, numbering about 5 lakh, in lieu of leave surrendered on or after February 1, would be made only after April 1, that is, in the next financial year. The amount involved was just about Rs 12 crore and it sparked off a series of protest demonstrations by the employees which were dealt with very sternly by the government.
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